Louis, Grand Dauphin

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Louis, Grand Dauphin
Dauphin of France
Hyacinthe Rigaud - Louis de France, Dauphin (1661-1711), dit le Grand Dauphin - Google Art Project.jpg
Portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1711
Dauphin of France
Tenure1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711
PredecessorLouis XIV (1638)
SuccessorLouis, Duke of Burgundy
Born(1661-03-15)15 March 1661
Château de Fontainebleau, France
Died14 April 1711(1711-04-14) (aged 50)
Château de Meudon, France
Burial28 April 1711
Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
SpouseMaria Anna Victoria of Bavaria (5 July 1679 – 14 April 1711)
Issue
Detail
Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy
Philippe, King of Spain
Charles, Duke of Berry
HouseBourbons of France
FatherLouis XIV of France
MotherMarie Therese of Austria
SignatureLouis, Grand Dauphin's signature

Louis of France, Dauphin of France (10 March 1661 – 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France and his wife, Marie Therese of Austria. He was called the "Grand Dauphin" (which is "Le Grand Dauphin" in French) because his great-grandson who was the son of Louis XV and the father of Louis XVI, Louis, Dauphin of France (1729-1765).

His wife was Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. He never became king as he died before his father did therefore, the heir became his eldest child who is Louis, Duke of Burgundy. However, the Duke of Burgundy died a year later so the heir became the Duke of Burgundy's son, Louis XV.

Issue[change | change source]

  1. Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy (16 August 1682 - 18 February 1712), Duke of Burgundy and later Dauphin of France; married second cousin Maria Adelaide of Savoy and had the future Louis XV of France;
  2. Philippe of France (19 December 1683 - 9 July 1746), Duke of Anjou, (later King of Spain); became King of Spain in 1700; married second cousin Maria Luisa of Savoy and had issue; married again Elisabeth Farnese and had issue such as the future Dauphine of France, Infanta Maria Theresa;
  3. Charles of France (31 July 1686 – 5 May 1714), Duke of Berry, Alençon and of Angoulême Count of Ponthieu; married his first cousin Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans and had issue but none survived over a year;

Thus, through Burgundy and Anjou, Louis ensured the continuation of the senior Bourbon line on the throne of France and the establishment of the cadet Spanish Bourbon dynasty respectively.

References[change | change source]

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis, Dauphin de France. Fils de roi, père de roi, jamais roi, DEA directed by Joël Cornette, University of Paris VIII, 2005.
  • Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis Ier d'Espagne (1661-1700) : essai sur une virtualité politique, Revue historique, Numéro 647, PUF, Paris, Novembre 2008.