Louis, Grand Dauphin

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Louis of France
Le Grand Dauphin
Hyacinthe Rigaud - Louis de France, Dauphin (1661-1711), dit le Grand Dauphin - Google Art Project.jpg
Louis by an unknown artist
Dauphin of France
Tenure1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711
Born(1661-11-01)1 November 1661
Château de Fontainebleau, France
Died14 April 1711(1711-04-14) (aged 49)
Château de Meudon, France
Burial28 April 1711
Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
SpouseMaria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Marie Émilie de Joly
Issue
Detail
Louis, Dauphin of France
Philippe, King of Spain
Charles, Duke of Berry
Full name
Louis de France[1]
HouseBourbons of France
FatherLouis XIV of France
MotherMarie Therese of Austria
SignatureLouis of France's signature

Louis of France, Dauphin of France ( 1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France and of his spouse, Marie Therese of Austria.

He was known as le Grand Dauphin because he had a son, Louis Duke of Burgundy, while still the Dauphin of France. His wife was Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. He never became king as he died before his father did. He married Marie Émilie de Joly in secret.

Issue[change | change source]

  1. Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy (16 August 1682 - 18 February 1712), Duke of Burgundy and later Dauphin of France; married second cousin Maria Adelaide of Savoy and had the future Louis XV of France;
  2. Philippe of France (19 December 1683 - 9 July 1746), Duke of Anjou, (later King of Spain); became King of Spain in 1700; married second cousin Maria Luisa of Savoy and had issue; married again Elisabeth Farnese and had issue such as the future Dauphine of France, Infanta Maria Theresa;
  3. Charles of France (31 July 1686 – 5 May 1714), Duke of Berry, Alençon and of Angoulême Count of Ponthieu; married his first cousin Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans and had issue but none survived over a year;

Thus, through Burgundy and Anjou, Louis ensured the continuation of the senior Bourbon line on the throne of France and the establishment of the cadet Spanish Bourbon dynasty respectively.

References[change | change source]

  1. Achaintre, Nicolas Louis, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de Bourbon, Vol. 2, (Publisher Mansut Fils, 4 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Paris, 1825), 479.

Further reading[change | change source]

Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis, Dauphin de France. Fils de roi, père de roi, jamais roi, DEA directed by Joël Cornette, University of Paris VIII, 2005.

Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis Ier d'Espagne (1661-1700) : essai sur une virtualité politique, Revue historique, Numéro 647, PUF, Paris, Novembre 2008.