Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre

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Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon
Duke of Penthièvre
Nattier L J M de Bourbon duc de Penthievre.jpg
Penthièvre by Nattier
Born(1725-11-16)16 November 1725
Château de Rambouillet, France
Died4 March 1793(1793-03-04) (aged 67)
Château de Bizy, France
BurialRoyal Chapel, Dreux, France
SpouseMaria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
Issue
Detail
Louis Marie, Duke of Rambouillet
Jean Marie, Duke of Châteauvillain
Vincent, Count of Guingamp
Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Marie Louise, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre
Marie Adélaïde, Duchess of Orléans
Full name
Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon
HouseHouse of Bourbon
FatherLouis Alexandre, Count of Toulouse
MotherMarie Victoire de Noailles
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureLouis Jean Marie de Bourbon's signature

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon (16 November 1725 – 4 March 1793) was the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles.[1] He was also a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthièvre. He also possessed many titles inherited from his father and was the richest man in France during his lifetime. He was later the father in law of Philippe Égalité. Though his fsther was an illegitimate son of a king the young duke was still known as and given the rank of a Prince of the blood. A majority of his vast fortune had been inherited via La Grande Mademoiselle. Hen was also famous for his incredible generosity to the poor of the time. He also owned the land where the future Royal Chapel of Dreux would be built.

Marriage and children[change | change source]

In 1744 Penthièvre married Princess Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este of Modena,[2] (1726-1754), the daughter of Francesco d'Este, the Duke of Modena and Reggio, and his first cousin, Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans. The young couple occupied a suite of apartments at Versailles which had previously been occupied by their joint ancestor Madame de Montespan. These apartments were used by the duke and his family until the reign of Louis XVI of France when the space was given to Mesdames, the new king's spinster aunts.

The couple had seven children, only two of whom survived infancy:

  1. Louis Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Rambouillet (, 2 January 1746 – 13 November 1749) died young.
  2. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, "Prince of Lamballe" (6 September 1747 – 6 May 1768), married Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Carignan and had no children.
  3. Jean Marie de Bourbon (Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 17 July 1748 – Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 19 May 1755), 'Duke of Châteauvillain died young.
  4. Vincent de Bourbon, Count of Guingamp (22 June 1750 – 14 March 1752) died young.
  5. Marie Louise de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (18 October 1751 – 26 September 1753) died young.
  6. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Mademoiselle d'Ivoy and later Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (13 March 1753 – , 23 June 1821), married Philippe d'Orléans and had issue.
  7. Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon (29 April 1754 – 30 April 1754) died young.

The Duchess of Penthièvre died after her last childbirth in 1754. Very badly hurt by the loss of his young wife, the duke never married again despite the sister of his dead wife, Princess Matilde being suggested as a possible candidate to marry. The widower refused.

Titles and styles[change | change source]

Arms.

16 November 1725 – 4 March 1793 His Serene Highness The Duke of Penthièvre.

References[change | change source]

  1. Dumont de Montigny, The Memoir of Lieutenant Dumont, 1715-1747: A Sojourner in the French Atlantic (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012), p. 435
  2. Virginia G. Sully, 'The Princesse de Lamballe', Peterson's Magazine, Vol. C, No. 4 (Philadelphia, 1891), p. 320

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Beaurain (1782). Histoire des quatre dernieres campagnes du marechal de Turenne en 1672, 1673, 1674 et 1675, enrichie de cartes et de plans topographiques, dediee et presentee au roi par M. le chevalier de Beaurain. chez le chevalier de Beaurain. p. 213.
  • Fortaire, .. (1808). Memoires pour servir a la vie de M. de Penthievre. p. 65.

Commons[change | change source]

Media related to Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre at Wikimedia Commons