Louise Françoise de Bourbon

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Louise Françoise de Bourbon
Légitimée de France
Princess of Condé
Duchess of Bourbon
The Duchess of Maine depicted as Cleopatra by François de Troy.jpg
Louise Françoise as Cleopatra
Born (1673-06-01)1 June 1673
Tournai, France
Died 16 June 1743(1743-06-16) (aged 70)
Palais Bourbon, Paris, France
Burial Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris
Spouse Louis, Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Condé
Issue Marie Gabrielle Éléonore, Mademoiselle de Bourbon
Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
Louise Élisabeth, Princess of Conti
Louise Anne, Countess of Charolais
Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Clermont
Charles, Count of Charolais
Henriette Louise, Mademoiselle de Vermandois
Élisabeth Alexandrine, Mademoiselle de Sens
Louis, Count of Clermont
Full name
Louise Françoise de Bourbon, Légitimée de France
Father Louis XIV
Mother Madame de Montespan
Signature Louise Françoise de Bourbon's signature

Louise Françoise de Bourbon (1 June 1673 - 16 June 1743) was an illegitimate daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his famous mistress Madame de Montespan. Her marriage to a prince of the blood in 1685 caused great scandal and she had an open rivalry with her elder sister Françoise Marie, Duchess of Orléans. She was also responsible for the construction of the Palais Bourbon in Paris which is today used the French National government. She had a very close relationship with her older half-brother the Grand Dauphin. Several of her children were thought to be illegitimate as, for a majority of her marriage she was having an affair with the Prince of Conti. Even when her husband succeeded to the Condé title the young princess was always known as Madame la Duchesse or the Duchess of Bourbon

Marriage[change | change source]

On 25 May 1685, at the age of eleven, Louise Françoise was married to Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, a distant sixteen-year old cousin of her father. Her husband was the son of Henri Jules, Duke of Enghien, the son of the head of the House of Condé, a cadet branch of the reigning House of Bourbon. His mother was Anne Henriette of Bavaria. Louis XIV gave his daughter a large dowry of one million livres upon her marriage. As she had married a prnce of the blood she thus outranked her sister who at the time was still unmarried. Louise Françoise and her husband eventually had nine children, all of whom survived into adulthood.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 1 June 1673 – 19 December 1673 unnamed child;
  • 19 December 1673 – 25 May 1685 Louise Françoise de Bourbon, Légitimée de France, "Mademoiselle de Nantes"
  • 25 May 1685 – 1 April 1709 Her Serene Highness the Duchess of Bourbon (Madame la duchesse de Bourbon)
  • 1 April 1709 – 4 March 1710 Her Serene Highness the Princess of Condé (Madame la princesse de Condé)
  • 4 March 1710 – 16 June 1743 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Princess of Condé (Madame la princesse de Condé douairière)
Note: Even while Princess of Condé, Louise Françoise was still known as the Duchess of Bourbon.