Louisiana (New France)

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French colonial Louisiana
La Louisiane
District of New France

 

1682–1763


1801–1803

 

 

Flag Coat of arms
Flag of New France (until 1760) Coat of arms
Location of New France
New France before the Treaty of Utrecht
Location of New France
Capital Mobile (1702–1720)
Biloxi (1720–1722)
La Nouvelle-Orléans (after 1722)
History
 •  Established 1682
 •  Split west to Spain 1762
 •  Split east to Great Britain 1763
 •  Spanish retrocession 21 March 1801
 •  Louisiana Purchase 30 April 1803
 •  Transferred to the United States 20 December 1803
Political subdivisions Upper Louisiana;
Lower Louisiana
Today part of  Canada
 United States

Louisiana (French: La Louisiane; La Louisiane française) or French Louisiana[1] was an administrative district of New France. It was under French control 1682 to 1762 and 1801 (nominally) to 1803 when France sold it in the Louisiana Purchase. The area was named after King Louis XIV by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. The area included most of the drainage basin of the Mississippi River, and it went from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, and it went from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rocky Mountains.

Louisiana included two regions. These regions are now known as Upper Louisiana (la Haute-Louisiane), which began north of the Arkansas River, and Lower Louisiana (la Basse-Louisiane). Most of the French people in Upper Louisiana came from Canada.

The U.S. state of Louisiana is named for the historical region. Although it is only a small part of the vast lands claimed by France.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 La Louisiane française 1682-1803, 2002. Although named, "La Louisiane", that name became the French term for the U.S. state of Louisiana, so, by 1879, the colonial region was called La Louisiane française.

Other websites[change | change source]