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Prefecture building of the Lozère department, in Mende
Prefecture building of the Lozère department, in Mende
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lozère in France
Coordinates: 44°20′N 3°36′E / 44.333°N 3.6°E / 44.333; 3.6Coordinates: 44°20′N 3°36′E / 44.333°N 3.6°E / 44.333; 3.6
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Prefecture Mende
Subprefectures Florac
 • President of the General Council Sophie Pantel
 • Total 5,166.9 km2 (1,995.0 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 76,889
 • Rank 101st
 • Density 14.88107/km2 (38.5418/sq mi)
Demonym Lozériens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-48
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 13
Communes 185
Website http://lozere.fr/

Lozère (Occitan: Losera) is a department in the region of Languedoc-Roussillon in southern France near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère.

History[change | change source]

Lozère was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Lozère was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

Les Sources and Hautes-Cèvennes were two other names proposed for this department but they were not accepted.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Lozère has an area of 5,166.9 km2 (1,995 sq mi).[1] It is surrounded by 5 departments belonging to 4 regions: Cantal and Haute-Loire departments of the Auvergne region, Ardèche department of the Rhône-Alpes region, Gard department of the Languedoc-Roussillon region, and Aveyron department of the Midi-Pyrénées region.

The Lozère is divided into four natural regions, covering four mountain ranges:

  1. The Aubrac. It is a plateau in the northwest of the department that rises between 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and 1,450 m (4,757 ft), with a cold humid climate. The highest point is Signal de Mailhebiau with 1,469 m (4,820 ft).
  1. The Margeride. Located in the northeast of the department, these mountains are of granite and well forested. The climate here is cold, but dryer than the climate in Aubrac. The highest point is Signal de Randon with 1,551 m (5,089 ft).
  1. The Causses. These are a series of very dry limestone plateaus in the south-west of the department.
  1. The Cévennes, a southern part of the Massif Central and that is found in the south-east of the department. Here is the highest point in the department, Mont Lozère at 1,702 m (5,584 ft).

Three important rivers start in the department:

Administration[change | change source]

The département is managed by the General Council of Lozère in Mende. Lozère is part of the region of Languedoc-Roussillon.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 13 cantons and 185 communes (municipalities) in Lozère.[4]

Arrondissement Capital Population[5]
481 Florac Florac 13,276   1,687   7.9 50
482 Mende Mende 63,613   3,479   18.3 135

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Lozère department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[6]

  1. Aumont-Aubrac (4801)
  2. La Canourgue (4802)
  3. Chirac (4803)
  4. Le Collet-de-Dèze (4804)
  5. Florac (4805)
  6. Grandrieu (4806)
  7. Langogne (4807)
  8. Marvejols (4808)
  9. Mende-1 (4809)
  10. Mende-2 (4810)
  11. Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole (4811)
  12. Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4812)
  13. Saint-Étienne-du-Valdonnez (4813)

Demographics[change | change source]

Lozère is the least populated French department. It has a population, in 2012, of 76,889,[2] for a population density of 14.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Mende, with 63,613 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Florac, have 13,276 inhabitants.[5]

The only important city is Mende with 11,908 people living there in 2012. Other cities are Marvejols (4,950) and Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4,187).[5]

The inhabitants of Lozère are known, in French, as Lozériens (women: Lozériennes).[7]

Gallery[change | change source]

View of the Tarn river, in the Tarn Gorges (Lozère)

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de La Lozère (48) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-48. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  3. "Historique de la Lozère" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/48his.html. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  4. "Département de La Lozère (48)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=48. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Populations lègales 2012 - 48-Lozère" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=48&annee=2012. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  6. "Décret n° 2014-245 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Lozère" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028661432. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  7. "Lozère (48)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_lozere_48.html. Retrieved 24 June 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]