Luxembourg

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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Flag of Luxembourg
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

[1]

Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Luxembourg
49°36′N 6°7′E / 49.600°N 6.117°E / 49.600; 6.117
Official languagesLuxembourgish
French
German
Demonym(s)Luxembourgers
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Henri (List)
Xavier Bettel (List)
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
Independence
9 June 1815
19 April 1839
11 May 1867
• End of personal union
23 November 1890
Area
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
0.60%
Population
• 2011 estimate
511,840[1] (170th)
• 2001 census
439,539
• Density
194.1/km2 (502.7/sq mi) (67th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$41.221 billion[2] (94th)
• Per capita
$80,119[2] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$58.412 billion[2] (69th)
• Per capita
$113,533[2] (1st)
HDI (2011)Increase 0.867[3]
very high · 25th
CurrencyEuro ()2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lu3
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). It is a small country in land area. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. In 2015, its population was 569,700, making it one of Europe's most densely populated countries.

Timeline[change | change source]

Government[change | change source]

Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

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Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population: 511 840 habitants au 1er janvier 2011", Le Portail des statistiques: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 3 May 2011. (French) Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Luxembourg". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  3. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.