Luxembourg (Belgium)

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Luxembourg
Luxembourg  (French)
Flag of Luxembourg
Coat of arms of Luxembourg
Location of Luxembourg
Coordinates: 49°41′N 05°49′E / 49.683°N 5.817°E / 49.683; 5.817Coordinates: 49°41′N 05°49′E / 49.683°N 5.817°E / 49.683; 5.817
Country Belgium
Region Wallonia
CapitalArlon
Government
 • GovernorOlivier Schmitz
Area
 • Total4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2022)[2]
 • Total291,143
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
HDI (2019)0.899[3]

very high · 10th of 11
WebsiteOfficial site
Arlon centre with bell tower of St. Martin's Church

Luxembourg [4] (French: Luxembourg, Dutch: Luxemburg, German: Luxemburg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, Walloon: Lussimbork) is the southernmost province of Belgium and Wallonia.

The capital is Arlon, in the southeast of the province. The province is also called "Belgian Luxembourg" and should not be confused with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Geography[change | change source]

It borders on (clockwise starting from the east) the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, France in the south, and the Belgian provinces of Namur in the west and Liège in the north. Neither Luxembourg nor neighboring Namur border Flanders.

It has the smallest population of all the Belgian provinces, about 291,000 in 2022. With 4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi), it is the largest province of Belgium. It is also significantly larger and significantly less populous than the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

The main natural regions in the province are Belgian Lorraine in the southern part, the Ardennes in the centre and northern part, and the Famenne and Condroz in the very northwestern part of the province.

With 652 m (2,139 ft), the Baraque de Fraiture in the municipality of Vielsalm is the highest point of the province. Second is the Galata with 589 m (1,932 ft) in the municipality of Saint-Hubert.

The main rivers in the province of Luxembourg are:

  • Semois, a right tributary of the Meuse river, that flows from east to west in the south of the province
  • Sauer (German, Luxembourgish) or Sûre (French), a left tributary of the Moselle river, flowing to the country of Luxembourg in the east
  • Lesse, another right tributary of the Meuse river, flowing to near the city of Dinant in the west
  • Ourthe, another right tributary of the Meuse river, flowing to the city of Liège in the north

History[change | change source]

The province was separated from the neighbouring Luxembourg by the Third Partition of Luxembourg in 1839, after the Belgian Revolution, and declared to remain a part of Belgium.

During World War I, Luxembourg was occupied by the German Empire.

The Battle of the Bulge, a German counter-attack against the Allied offensive in the Ardennes in the winter of 1944/45, took also place in the province of Luxembourg.

Language[change | change source]

Most of the residents of Luxembourg speak French, but there is a small Luxembourgish-speaking minority, in Arelerland (the eastern part of Belgian Lorraine: Arlon and surroundings), near the border with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in the southeast.

The dialect of Luxembourg (although slightly spoken) is Walloon. In the western part of Belgian Lorraine people speak Gaumais (the region is called the Gaume). Both are Romance languages.

Administrative division[change | change source]

The province of Luxembourg is divided into 5 arrondissements and a total of 44 municipalities.

Map of the municipalities of Luxembourg
(names are in the following table)
Provincial palace in Arlon.
Torgny: the southernmost town of Belgium.
Municipalities by arrondissements, with their numbers in the map
Arlon Bastogne Marche-en-Famenne
Arrondissement Arlon Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Bastogne Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Marche-en-Famenne Belgium Map.png
Neufchâteau Virton
Arrondissement Neufchâteau Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Virton Belgium Map.png

Population by arrondissement[change | change source]

Population x 1,000 (on 1 January since 1980).[5]

Arrondissement 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Arlon 48 49 49 52 58 63
Bastogne 35 36 37 41 45 49
Marche-en-Famenne 40 42 46 50 54 57
Neufchâteau 53 52 53 56 60 64
Virton 42 44 45 48 52 54
Province of Luxembourg 217 222 231 247 269 287

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bodembezetting volgens het Kadasterregister". statbel.fgov.be.
  2. "Structuur van de bevolking". statbel.fgov.be.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Official name is Province de Luxembourg (French).
  5. Institut national de statistique - Direction générale Statistique et information économique

Other websites[change | change source]