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Lynn Conway

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lynn Conway
Conway in 2006
Born(1938-01-02)January 2, 1938
DiedJune 9, 2024(2024-06-09) (aged 86)
Alma materColumbia University
Known forMead & Conway revolution, transgender activism
Charles Rogers
(m. 2013)
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science
Electrical engineering
InstitutionsIBM Advanced Computing Systems (1964–68), Memorex, Xerox PARC (1970s), DARPA, University of Michigan

Lynn Ann Conway (January 2, 1938 – June 9, 2024)[3][4] was an American computer scientist, electrical engineer, inventor, and transgender activist for LGBT rights.[5]

She worked at IBM in the 1960s. She was known for her invention of generalized dynamic instruction handling. She was also widely-known for the Mead & Conway revolution with Carver Mead.[6][7][8][9][10]

Born a male, Conway transitioned into a woman.[11] After IBM found out about this, she was fired in 1968. In 2020, IBM apologized for firing Conway.[12]

Conway died from a heart disease at her home in Jackson, Michigan, on June 9, 2024, at the age of 86.[13][14]

References[change | change source]

  1. Saari, Peggy; Allison, Stephen; Ellavich, Marie C. (1996). Scientists: A-F. U-X-L. ISBN 978-0-7876-0960-3.
  2. "CHM 2014 Fellow "For her work in developing and disseminating new methods of integrated circuit design"". Computerhistory.org. Archived from the original on July 3, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  3. Lee, John A. N. (1995). International Biographical Dictionary of Computer Pioneers. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-884964-47-8.
  4. "Computer Pioneers - Lynn Conway". IEEE. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
  5. "21 Transgender People Who Influenced American Culture". Time Magazine. May 29, 2014.
  6. "Lynn Conway: 2009 Computer Pioneer Award Recipient" Archived January 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, IEEE Computer Society, January 20, 2010.
  7. "IEEE Computer Society Video: Lynn Conway receives 2009 IEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer Award" at YouTube, July 30, 2010.
  8. "Event: IBM ACS System: A Pioneering Supercomputer Project of the 1960s", Computer History Museum, February 18, 2010.
  9. "Computer History Museum Events: IBM ACS System: A Pioneering Supercomputer Project of the 1960s" Archived September 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Computer History Museum, February 18, 2010.
  10. "Historical Reflections: IBM's Single-Processor Supercomputer Efforts – Insights on the pioneering IBM Stretch and ACS projects" by M. Smotherman and D. Spicer, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 53, No. 12, December 2010, pp. 28–30.
  11. Conway, Lynn (2012). "Reminiscences of the VLSI revolution: How a series of failures triggered a paradigm shift in digital design" (PDF). IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine. 4 (4). IEEE: 8–31. doi:10.1109/MSSC.2012.2215752. ISSN 1943-0582. S2CID 9286356.
  12. Alicandri, Jeremy. "IBM Apologizes For Firing Computer Pioneer For Being Transgender...52 Years Later". Forbes.
  13. Hiltzik, Michael (2024-06-11). "Lynn Conway, leading computer scientist and transgender pioneer, dies at 85". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 12, 2024. Retrieved 2024-06-12.
  14. Moore, Nicole Casal (2024-06-11). "The legacy of Lynn Conway, chip design pioneer and transgender-rights advocate". Michigan Engineering. Retrieved 2024-06-11.