Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award

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A man swings a bat; he is wearing a dark cap with a "B" on it and a jersey with the word "Dodgers" on his chest.
Jackie Robinson, the first winner in 1947. The award was later named after Robinson

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is given each year to one player from each league as voted on by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The award was start in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA. They selected a winner every year from 1940 through 1946.[1] The award became national in 1947; Jackie Robinson, the Brooklyn Dodgers' first baseman, won the first award. One award was presented for both leagues in 1947 and 1948; since 1949, the honor has been given to one player each in the National and American League. At first, the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, named after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. The award was renamed the Jackie Robinson Award in July 1987,[2] 40 years after Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line.

Of the 128 players named Rookie of the Year, 14 have been selected for the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Jackie Robinson, five American League players, and eight others from the National League. The award has been shared twice: once by Butch Metzger and Pat Zachry of the National League in 1976; and once by John Castino and Alfredo Griffin of the American League in 1979. Members of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers have won the most awards of any team (with 16). This is twice the total of the New York Yankees (eight), who have won the most in the American League. Fred Lynn and Ichiro Suzuki are the only two players who have been named Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in the same year. Fernando Valenzuela is the only player to have won Rookie of the Year and the Cy Young Award in the same year. Sam Jethroe is the oldest player to have won the award, at age 32,[3] 33 days older than 2000 winner Kazuhiro Sasaki (also 32).[4] Buster Posey of the San Francisco Giants and Neftali Feliz of the Texas Rangers are the 2010 winners.[5][6]

Qualifications and voting[change | change source]

A man stretches his arms behind his head while wearing a baseball glove and a white baseball uniform with green sleeves and cap.
Hideo Nomo won in 1995, the first of several players to win with past baseball experience in Nippon Professional Baseball.

From 1947 through 1956, each BBWAA voter had their own rules for decide who was a rookie. In 1957, the BBWAA first defined the term as someone with fewer than 75 at bats or 45 innings pitched in any Major League season before the current season.[1] This guideline was later changed to 90 at bats, 45 innings pitched, or 45 days on a Major League roster before September 1 of the last year.[1] The current rule is 130 at bats, 50 innings pitched or 45 days on the active roster of a Major League club (except for time in military service or on the disabled list) before September 1 was first used in 1971.[1][7] Since 1980, each voter names three rookies: a first-place choice is given five points, a second-place choice three points, and a third-place choice one point. The award goes to the player who receives the most total points.[1][8] Edinson Volquez received three second-place votes in 2008 even though he was not a rookie under the award's definition.[9][10]

Some baseball writers have criticized the voting in recent years because several players who played in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) have won the award. These winners include Hideo Nomo in 1995, Kazuhiro Sasaki in 2000, and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001. The current definition of rookie for the award is based only on Major League playing. Some writers feel that past NPB players are not true rookies because of their past professional playing.[11][12] This issue came up in 2003 when Hideki Matsui lost the AL award to Ángel Berroa in a close vote. Jim Souhan of the Minneapolis Star Tribune said he did not think Matsui was a rookie in 2003 because "it would be an insult to the Japanese league to pretend that experience didn't count."[11] The Japan Times had a story in 2007 on calling Daisuke Matsuzaka, Kei Igawa, and Hideki Okajima as rookies, saying "[t]hese guys aren't rookies."[12] Past winners such as Jackie Robinson, Don Newcombe, and Sam Jethroe had professional experience in the Negro Leagues.

Winners[change | change source]

Key[change | change source]

A man in a black jersey and batting gloves prepares to swing the baseball bat that he is holding.
Cal Ripken, Jr. won in 1982, and is one of 14 Hall of Famers to win Rookie of the Year honors.
Year Links to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
^ Denotes player who is still active
* Denotes year in which the award was shared

Major Leagues combined (1947–48)[change | change source]

Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1947 Jackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [13]
1948 Alvin Dark Boston Braves SS [14]

American League winners (1949–present)[change | change source]

A man in a white and blue baseball uniform with the letters "TB" on his cap kneels, preparing to field a ground ball.
Evan Longoria, the 2008 AL winner
A man in a gray baseball uniform with "BOSTON" across the chest and a dark cap prepares to throw with his right arm.
Dustin Pedroia, the 2007 AL winner
A man in a white baseball uniform and a black cap with a "D" on it prepares to pitch.
Justin Verlander, the 2006 AL winner
Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 Roy Sievers St. Louis Browns OF [15]
1950 Walt Dropo Boston Red Sox 1B [16]
1951 Gil McDougald New York Yankees 3B [17]
1952 Harry Byrd Philadelphia Athletics P [18]
1953 Harvey Kuenn Detroit Tigers SS [19]
1954 Bob Grim New York Yankees P [20]
1955 Herb Score Cleveland Indians P [21]
1956 Luis Aparicio Chicago White Sox SS [22]
1957 Tony Kubek New York Yankees SS [23]
1958 Albie Pearson Washington Senators OF [24]
1959 Bob Allison Washington Senators OF [25]
1960 Ron Hansen Baltimore Orioles SS [26]
1961 Don Schwall Boston Red Sox P [27]
1962 Tom Tresh New York Yankees SS [28]
1963 Gary Peters Chicago White Sox P [29]
1964 Tony Oliva Minnesota Twins OF [30]
1965 Curt Blefary Baltimore Orioles OF [31]
1966 Tommie Agee Chicago White Sox OF [32]
1967 Rod Carew Minnesota Twins 2B [33]
1968 Stan Bahnsen New York Yankees P [34]
1969 Lou Piniella Kansas City Royals OF [35]
1970 Thurman Munson New York Yankees C [36]
1971 Chris Chambliss Cleveland Indians 1B [37]
1972 Carlton Fisk Boston Red Sox C [38]
1973 Al Bumbry Baltimore Orioles OF [39]
1974 Mike Hargrove Texas Rangers 1B [40]
1975 Fred Lynn Boston Red Sox OF [41]
1976 Mark Fidrych Detroit Tigers P [42]
1977 Eddie Murray Baltimore Orioles DH [43]
1978 Lou Whitaker Detroit Tigers 2B [44]
1979* John Castino Minnesota Twins 3B [45]
1979* Alfredo Griffin Toronto Blue Jays SS [46]
1980 Joe Charboneau Cleveland Indians OF [47]
1981 Dave Righetti New York Yankees P [48]
1982 Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS [49]
1983 Ron Kittle Chicago White Sox OF [50]
1984 Alvin Davis Seattle Mariners 1B [51]
1985 Ozzie Guillén Chicago White Sox SS [52]
1986 José Canseco Oakland Athletics OF [53]
1987 Mark McGwire Oakland Athletics 1B [54]
1988 Walt Weiss Oakland Athletics SS [55]
1989 Gregg Olson Baltimore Orioles P [56]
1990 Sandy Alomar Jr Cleveland Indians C [57]
1991 Chuck Knoblauch Minnesota Twins 2B [58]
1992 Pat Listach Milwaukee Brewers SS [59]
1993 Tim Salmon California Angels OF [60]
1994 Bob Hamelin Kansas City Royals DH [61]
1995 Marty Cordova Minnesota Twins OF [62]
1996 Derek Jeter^ New York Yankees SS [63]
1997 Nomar Garciaparra Boston Red Sox SS [64]
1998 Ben Grieve Oakland Athletics OF [65]
1999 Carlos Beltrán^ Kansas City Royals OF [66]
2000 Kazuhiro Sasaki Seattle Mariners P [67]
2001 Ichiro Suzuki^ Seattle Mariners OF [68]
2002 Eric Hinske^ Toronto Blue Jays 3B [69]
2003 Ángel Berroa^ Kansas City Royals SS [70]
2004 Bobby Crosby^ Oakland Athletics SS [71]
2005 Huston Street^ Oakland Athletics P [72]
2006 Justin Verlander^ Detroit Tigers P [73]
2007 Dustin Pedroia^ Boston Red Sox 2B [74]
2008 Evan Longoria^ Tampa Bay Rays 3B [75]
2009 Andrew Bailey^ Oakland Athletics P [76]
2010 Neftali Feliz^ Texas Rangers P [77]

National League winners (1949–present)[change | change source]

A man in a baseball uniform with white pants and a blue shirt swings while batting. The catcher in red and gray is also pictured.
Geovany Soto, 2008 NL winner
Portrait of a man in a dark blue baseball jersey with "BREWERS" across the chest, grey pants with dirt on the right knee, a baseball glove on his left hand, and a blue cap with an "M" on it.
Ryan Braun, 2007 NL winner
A man in white pants and a red shirt with "HOWARD" on the back swings at a pitch.
Ryan Howard, 2005 NL winner
Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Ref
1949 Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers P [78]
1950 Sam Jethroe Boston Braves OF [79]
1951 Willie Mays New York Giants OF [80]
1952 Joe Black Brooklyn Dodgers P [81]
1953 Jim Gilliam Brooklyn Dodgers 2B [82]
1954 Wally Moon St. Louis Cardinals OF [83]
1955 Bill Virdon St. Louis Cardinals OF [84]
1956 Frank Robinson Cincinnati Reds OF [85]
1957 Jack Sanford Philadelphia Phillies P [86]
1958 Orlando Cepeda San Francisco Giants 1B [87]
1959 Willie McCovey San Francisco Giants 1B [88]
1960 Frank Howard Los Angeles Dodgers OF [89]
1961 Billy Williams Chicago Cubs OF [90]
1962 Ken Hubbs Chicago Cubs 2B [91]
1963 Pete Rose Cincinnati Reds 2B [92]
1964 Dick Allen Philadelphia Phillies 3B [93]
1965 Jim Lefebvre Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [94]
1966 Tommy Helms Cincinnati Reds 2B [95]
1967 Tom Seaver New York Mets P [96]
1968 Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C [97]
1969 Ted Sizemore Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [98]
1970 Carl Morton Montreal Expos P [99]
1971 Earl Williams Atlanta Braves C [100]
1972 Jon Matlack New York Mets P [101]
1973 Gary Matthews San Francisco Giants OF [102]
1974 Bake McBride St. Louis Cardinals OF [103]
1975 John Montefusco San Francisco Giants P [104]
1976* Butch Metzger San Diego Padres P [105]
1976* Pat Zachry Cincinnati Reds P [106]
1977 Andre Dawson Montreal Expos OF [107]
1978 Bob Horner Atlanta Braves 3B [108]
1979 Rick Sutcliffe Los Angeles Dodgers P [109]
1980 Steve Howe Los Angeles Dodgers P [110]
1981 Fernando Valenzuela Los Angeles Dodgers P [111]
1982 Steve Sax Los Angeles Dodgers 2B [112]
1983 Darryl Strawberry New York Mets OF [113]
1984 Dwight Gooden New York Mets P [114]
1985 Vince Coleman St. Louis Cardinals OF [115]
1986 Todd Worrell St. Louis Cardinals P [116]
1987 Benito Santiago San Diego Padres C [117]
1988 Chris Sabo Cincinnati Reds 3B [118]
1989 Jerome Walton Chicago Cubs OF [119]
1990 David Justice Atlanta Braves OF [120]
1991 Jeff Bagwell Houston Astros 1B [121]
1992 Eric Karros Los Angeles Dodgers 1B [122]
1993 Mike Piazza Los Angeles Dodgers C [123]
1994 Raúl Mondesí Los Angeles Dodgers OF [124]
1995 Hideo Nomo Los Angeles Dodgers P [125]
1996 Todd Hollandsworth Los Angeles Dodgers OF [126]
1997 Scott Rolen^ Philadelphia Phillies 3B [127]
1998 Kerry Wood^ Chicago Cubs P [128]
1999 Scott Williamson^ Cincinnati Reds P [129]
2000 Rafael Furcal^ Atlanta Braves SS [130]
2001 Albert Pujols^ St. Louis Cardinals 3B [131]
2002 Jason Jennings^ Colorado Rockies P [132]
2003 Dontrelle Willis^ Florida Marlins P [133]
2004 Jason Bay^ Pittsburgh Pirates OF [134]
2005 Ryan Howard^ Philadelphia Phillies 1B [135]
2006 Hanley Ramirez^ Florida Marlins SS [136]
2007 Ryan Braun^ Milwaukee Brewers 3B [137]
2008 Geovany Soto^ Chicago Cubs C [138]
2009 Chris Coghlan^ Florida Marlins OF [139]
2010 Buster Posey^ San Francisco Giants C [140]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

General
  • "Rookie of the Year winners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
  • "Rookie of the Year Awards & Rolaids Relief Award Winners". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
Inline citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Vass, George (July 1998). "History of the rookie award filled with controversy". Baseball Digest 57 (7): 26. ISSN 0005-609X. 
  2. "Sports News". Associated Press. 1987-07-14. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. Goldstein, Richard (2001-06-19). "Sam Jethroe Is Dead at 83; Was Oldest Rookie of the Year". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
  4. Cour, Jim (2000-11-07). "Sasaki voted AL Rookie of the Year". Associated Press. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. Haft, Chris (2010-11-15). "Posey catches NL Rookie of the Year honors". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  6. Sullivan, T.R. (2010-11-15). "Feliz wins AL Rookie of the Year Award". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
  7. "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  8. "Rookie of the Year Award / Jackie Robinson Award". Baseball Almanac. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
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  10. "The BBWAA and Edinson Volquez". Baseball Prospectus. 2008-11-16. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Berroa barely edges Matsui for AL honor". ESPN. Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Graczyk, Wayne (2007-05-27). "MLB should eliminate 'rookie' label for Japanese veterans". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
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  16. "Walt Dropo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  17. "Gil McDougald Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  18. "Harry Byrd Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  19. "Harvey Kuenn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  20. "Bob Grim Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  21. "Herb Score Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  22. "Luis Aparicio Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  23. "Tony Kubek Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  24. "Albie Pearson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  25. "Bob Allison Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  26. "Ron Hansen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  27. "Don Schwall Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  28. "Tom Tresh Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  29. "Gary Peters Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  30. "Tony Oliva Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  31. "Curt Blefary Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  32. "Tommiee Agee Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  33. "Rod Carew Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  34. "Stan Bahnsen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  35. "Lou Piniella Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  36. "Thurman Munson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  37. "Chris Chambliss Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  38. "Carlton Fisk Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  39. "Al Bumbry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  40. "Mike Hargrove Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  41. "Fred Lynn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  42. "Mark Fidrych Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  43. "Eddie Murray Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  44. "Lou Whitaker Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  45. "John Castino Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  46. "Alfredo Griffin Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  47. "Joe Charboneau Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  48. "Dave Righetti Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  49. "Cal Ripken, Jr. Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  50. "Ron Kittle Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  51. "Alvin Davis Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  52. "Ozzie Guillen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
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  54. "Mark McGwire Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  55. "Walt Weiss Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
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  58. "Chuck Knoblauch Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  59. "Pat Listach Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  60. "Tim Salmon Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  61. "Bob Hamelin Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  62. "Marty Cordova Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  63. "Derek Jeter Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  64. "Nomar Garciaparra Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  65. "Ben Grieve Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  66. "Carlos Beltran Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  67. "Kazuhiro Sasaki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  68. "Ichiro Suzuki Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  69. "Eric Hinske Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  70. "Angel Berroa Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  71. "Bobby Crosby Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  72. "Huston Street Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  73. "Justin Verlander Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  74. "Dustin Pedroia Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  75. "Evan Longoria Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  76. "Andrew Bailey Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
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  79. "Sam Jethroe Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  80. "Willie Mays Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  81. "Joe Black Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  82. "Jim Gilliam Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  83. "Wally Moon Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  84. "Bill Virdon Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  85. "Frank Robinson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  86. "Jack Sanford Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  87. "Orlando CepedaStatistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  88. "Willie McCovey Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  89. "Frank Howard Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  90. "Billy Williams Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  91. "Ken Hubbs Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  92. "Pete Rose Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  93. "Dick Allen Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  94. "Jim Lefebvre Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  95. "Tommy Helms Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  96. "Tom Seaver Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  97. "Johnny Bench Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  98. "Ted Sizemore Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  99. "Carl Morton Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  100. "Earl Williams Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  101. "Jon Matlack Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  102. "Gary Matthews Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  103. "Bake McBride Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  104. "John Montefusco Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  105. "Butch Metzger Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  106. "Pat Zachry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  107. "Andre Dawson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  108. "Bob Horner Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  109. "Rick Sutcliffe Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  110. "Steve Howe Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  111. "Fernando Valenzuela Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  112. "Steve Sax Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  113. "Darryl Strawberry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  114. "Dwight Gooden Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  115. "Vince Coleman Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  116. "Todd Worrell Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  117. "Benito Santiago Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  118. "Chris Sabo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  119. "Jerome Walton Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  120. "David Justice Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  121. "Jeff Bagwell Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  122. "Eric Karros Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  123. "Mike Piazza Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  124. "Raul Mondesi Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  125. "Hideo Nomo Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  126. "Todd Hollandsworth Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  127. "Scott RolenStatistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  128. "Kerry Wood Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  129. "Scott Williamson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  130. "Rafael Furcal Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  131. "Albert Pujols Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  132. "Jason Jennings Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  133. "Dontrelle Willis Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  134. "Jason Bay Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  135. "Ryan Howard Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  136. "Hanley Ramirez Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  137. "Ryan Braun Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  138. "Geovany Soto Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  139. "Chris Coghlan Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  140. Stephens, Bailey (2010-11-15). "Posey tops Heyward for NL Rookie honor". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 15 November 2010.