Macedonian dynasty

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The Macedonian dynasty, (Armenian: Մակեդոնիայի դինաստիա; Greek: Μακεδονική δυναστεία) ruled Byzantine Empire between 867–1056 years. The Byzantine Empire underwent a revival during the reign of the Armenian Macedonian emperors of the late 9th, 10th, and early 11th centuries, when it gained control over the Adriatic Sea, Southern Italy, and all of the territory of the Bulgaria.

Macedonian dynasty
Մակեդոնիայի դինաստիա
Μακεδονική δυναστεία
867–1056
Flag of
Labarum (military standard)
The Macedonian dynasty at the death of Basil II, 1025
The Macedonian dynasty at the death of Basil II, 1025
CapitalConstantinople
Common languagesGreek (official)
Armenian[a][1]
Religion
Christianity (Eastern Orthodox Church)
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 867–886
Basil I (first)
• 1042–1056
Theodora Porphyrogenita (last)
History 
• Establishment
867
• Disestablished
1056

Basil I, the founder of his dynasty, was of probably Armenian origin.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Howard (2014), p. 71.
  2. Chitwood 2017, p. 18.
  3. Treadgold 1997, p. 455.
  4. Kazhdan 1991.
  5. Whittow 1996, p. 201.
  6. Gregory 2010, p. 242.
  7. Rosser 2012, p. 56.
  8. Evans 2018, p. 34.

Sources[change | change source]

  • Chitwood, Zachary (2017). Byzantine Legal Culture and the Roman Legal Tradition, 867-1056. Cambridge University Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-107-18256-1. Since the founder of the Macedonian dynasty, Basil I (r. 867–86), was a Thracian peasant of Armenian origin (...)
  • Treadgold, Warren T. (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press. pp. 455. ISBN 9780804726306. Though of Armenian stock, Basil was called the Macedonian because he had been born in the Theme of Macedonia (...)
  • Whittow, Mark (1996). The Making of Byzantium, 600-1025. University of California Press. pp. 201. ISBN 9780520204966. Four emperors — Leo V, Basil I, Romanos I and John Tzimiskes — seem to have been Armenian, as well as the empress Theodora, Theophilos' wife (...)
  • Gregory, Timothy E. (2010). A History of Byzantium. John Wiley & Sons. p. 242. ISBN 978-1-4051-8471-7. Basil I, “the Macedonian,” was born in Thrace or Macedonia, probably of an Armenian family settled in the area earlier in the century.
  • Rosser, John Hutchins (2012). Armenia. Historical Dictionary of Byzantium. Scarecrow Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780810875678. (...) a number of important military leaders and civil administrators were Armenian, including emperors Leo V, Basil I, Romanos I Lekapenos, and John I Tzimiskes.
  • Evans, Helen C. (2018). Armenians and Their Middle Age. Armenia: Art, Religion, and Trade in the Middle Ages. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 34. ISBN 9781588396600. The Byzantine Emperor Heraclius (r. 610-640) was the son of an Armenian [...] In 867 Basil I (r. 867-886), whose father was also Armenian (...)
  • Kazhdan, Alexander P. (ed.). (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195046526. (...) dynasty founded by Basil I, who came from an Armenian family that settled in Thrace or Macedonia.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Basil I was spoke Armenian and Greek.