Mahmud Hasan Deobandi

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Mahmud Hasan Deobandi
Mahmud Hasan Deobandi.jpg
Personal
Born1851
Died30 November 1920
Delhi, British India
ReligionIslam
Founder ofJamia Millia Islamia

Mahmud Hasan Deobandi was an Indian Muslim scholar and an activist of the Indian freedom struggle movement, who co-founded the Jamia Millia Islamia. He was the first student to study at the Darul Uloom Deoband.

Early life[change | change source]

Mahmud Hasan Deobandi was born in 1851 in Bareilly.[1][2] His father, Zulfiqar Ali Deobandi, was one of the founders of Darul Uloom Deoband.[1][3]

Hasan was the first student at Darul Uloom Deoband. He studied with Mahmud Deobandi and completed his formal studies in 1869.[4]

Literary works[change | change source]

Hasan wrote an interlinear translation of the Quran in Urdu.[5] He later began adding explanatory notes to it which he was able to add upto the Surah An-Nisa.[6] This unfinished work was completed by his student Shabbir Ahmad Usmani; and was then published as Tafsir-e-Usmani.[7] He wrote Al-Abwāb wa Al-Tarājim li al-Bukhāri, explaining the chapter headings of Sahih Bukhari.[8]

Death[change | change source]

Hasan died on 30 November 1920 in Delhi.[9]

References[change | change source]

Citations[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Adrawi 2012, p. 45.
  2. Tayyab 1990, p. 18.
  3. Rizwi 1980, pp. 93–94.
  4. Adrawi 2012, p. 46.
  5. "The Translations of the Quran". The Islamic Quarterly. London: Islamic Cultural Centre. 40–41: 228. 1996.
  6. Adrawi 2012, pp. 335–336.
  7. Haqqani 2006, p. 268.
  8. Adrawi 2012, p. 336.
  9. Adrawi 2012, pp. 310–311.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Adrawi, Asīr (April 2012). Hazrat Shaykhul Hind Hayāt awr Kārnāme [Shaykhul Hind: Life and works] (in Urdu). Deoband: Shaykhul Hind Academy.
  • Haqqani, Abdul Qayyum (January 2006). "Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani Number". Monthly al-Qāsim (in Urdu). Nowshera: Al-Qasim Academy, Jamia Abu Hurairah. 9.
  • Rizwi, Syed Mehboob (1980). History of Dar al Ulum Deoband. Vol. 1. Translated by Murtaz Hussain F Qureshi (1st ed.). Darul Uloom Deoband: Idara-e-Ehtemam.
  • Tayyab, Mohammad (1990). The Role of Shaikh-Ul-Hind Maulana Mahmud-Ul-Hasan in the Indian Freedom Movement (Thesis). Aligarh: Aligarh Muslim University. OCLC 1012388751.