Mamane

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mamane
Starr 030222-0062 Sophora chrysophylla.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
S. chrysophylla
Binomial name
Sophora chrysophylla
Synonyms

Edwardsia chrysophylla Salisb.[1]

Māmane (Hawaiian language) is a shrub of Hawai'i in the Sophora genus. It is suitable for gardens.

It is highly polymorphic, growing as a shrub or tree, and able to reach a height of 15 m (49 ft) in tree form. It is grow fast in every island of Hawaiian archipelago, so botanists describe many local forms including S.unifoliolata[2] Hawaiian honeycreeper visits mamane sucking nectar,[3][4] If mamane were to disappear from Hawai'i it would take with it the palila bird, which is also endangered due to the lack of enough māmane trees.[5] Loxoides bauilleui, palila, feeds on unripe seeds of the māmane[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sophora chrysophylla (Salisb.) Seem". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1997-05-24. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2009-11-23.
  2. Hawaiian Native Plant Genera
  3. Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Aspects of Sophora Sect. Edwardsia (Papilionaceae) Pacific Science 54:159-167
  4. "Palila factsheet". Archived from the original on 2005-01-29. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
  5. Scott, J.M., S. Mountainspring, C. van Riper III, C.B. Kepler, J.D. Jacobi, T.A. Burr, and J.G. Griffin. 1984. Annual variation in the distribution, abundance, and habitat response of the palila (Loxioides bailleui). Auk 101:647-664
  6. Long-Term Population Variability in the Palila, An Endangered Hawaiian Honeycreeper Pacific Science (1996), 50: 363-370

Other websites[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]