Manuel Noriega

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Manuel Noriega
Mugshot of Noriega, after his surrender (1990)
Maximum Leader of National Liberation[1]
In office
December 15, 1983 – December 20, 1989
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Military Leader of Panama
In office
August 12, 1983 – December 15, 1989
PresidentRicardo de la Espriella
Jorge Illueca
Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
Eric Arturo Delvalle
Manuel Solís
Francisco Rodríguez
Preceded byRubén Darío Paredes
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1934-02-11)February 11, 1934
Panama City, Panamá, Republic of Panama
DiedMay 29, 2017(2017-05-29) (aged 83)
Panama City, Panamá Province, Panama
Alma materChorrillos Military School
School of the Americas

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno[2] (11 February 1938 – 29 May 2017) was a Panamanian politician and general.

Noriega went to high school and had a career in the army. He was the de facto ruler of Panama between 12 August 1983 and 20 December 1989.[3] In 1992, a United States court convicted him of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering. Noriega served a prison sentence in the US, which ended in 2007.[4] He was then extradited to France, where he served another sentence.

A conditional release was given to him on September 23, 2011. Noriega was sent to Panama to serve 20 years. He arrived in Panama on December 11, 2011.[5]

Noriega died at a medical center in Panama City on 29 May 2017 from complications of brain surgery at the age of 83.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Eytan Gilboa, "The Panama Invasion Revisited: Lessons for the Use of Force in the Post Cold War Era," Political Science Quarterly, (v110 n4), p539. "[1] Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine." Retrieved on July 1, 2011
  2. Boyd Marciacq, Carmen. "29, 2007&idnews=33933 Noriega: el dictador Archived January 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." El Siglo. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  3. Serrill, Michael S. (January 24, 2001). "Panama Noriega's Money Machine". Time. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  4. "Extradition fight halts former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega's release from US prison". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. September 9, 2007.
  5. Serrill, Michael S. (December 11, 2011). "Manuel Noriega extraditado a Panamá desde Francia". Impre. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  6. "Gen. Manuel Noriega, the former Panamanian dictator, has died at the age of 83". The Washington Post. May 30, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.[permanent dead link]