Marcus Garvey

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Garvey in 1924

Marcus Mosiah Garvey Sr., ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940), was a Jamaican political activist leader. He started the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. He inspired Rastafarians and the Nation of Islam. Garvey was a black nationalist and Pan-Africanist. His ideas came to be known as Garveyism.

Garvey was born in Jamaica. He left Jamaica in 1910. He lived in Costa Rica for a few months. In 1912 he moved back to Jamaica. The Marcus Garvey Award is given each year to a Jamaican by JAM. He was an important activist during the Back-to-Africa movement.

Garvey was controversial because he supported in separating black and white people and even supported the Ku Klux Klan.[1] He thanked white people for Jim Crow laws as well.[1]

Garvey had a stroke in January 1940 and this caused many to believe he had died.[2] In fact, many early obituaries of Garvey were released, some of which Garvey read himself.[2] He died in London on June 10, 1940 shortly after reading another early obituary of him, aged 52.[3][2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Stein, Judith (1991). The world of Marcus Garvey : race and class in modern society. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP. pp. 154–56. ISBN 978-0-8071-1670-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind". American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. January 19, 2001. No. 6, season 13.
  3. "How Marcus Garvey actually read his own obituary in a newspaper two weeks before he died". Face2Face Africa. Retrieved 25 March 2022.