Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

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Maria Teresa
Duchess of Penthièvre
Portrait of Maria Teresa attributed to Daniel Klein, c. 1745-47
Born(1726-10-06)6 October 1726
Ducal Palace, Modena
Died30 April 1754(1754-04-30) (aged 27)
Château de Rambouillet, France
Full name
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
FatherFrancesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
MotherCharlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Maria Teresa Felicitas (French: Marie Thérèse Félicité; 6 October 1726 – 30 April 1754) was born a Princess of Modena. By marriage, she was the Duchess of Penthièvre. Maria Teresa was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and a grandmother to the future Louis Philippe I.

Early life[change | change source]

Maria Teresa was born on 6 October 1726 in Modena, Italy. She was the first child of Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans and Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena. Her parents’ marriage wasn’t happy, and her mother would later move back to France.

Marriage[change | change source]

In On 29 December 1744 at the Palace of Versailles, Maria Teresa married her second cousin, Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre. The couple had seven children in total but only two of them survived childhood. The marriage was seen as very happy.

Children[change | change source]

  1. Louis Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Rambouillet (2 January 1746 – 13 November 1749); died young.
  2. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon (6 September 1747 –6 May 1768); married Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Carignan but had no children.
  3. Jean Marie de Bourbon (17 July 1748 – 19 May 1755); died young.
  4. Vincent de Bourbon, Count of Guingamp (22 June 1750 – 14 March 1752); died young.
  5. Marie Louise de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (18 October 1751 – 26 September 1753); died young.
  6. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Mademoiselle d'Ivoy and later Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (13 March 1753 – 23 June 1821); married Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and had children.
  7. Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon (29 April 1754 – 30 April 1754); died young.

Death[change | change source]

Marie Teresa died in childbirth in 1754 giving birth to a son who also died. Her husband refused to remarry and died in 1793. Her daughter, Marie Adélaïde, moved Marie Teresa’s body to the Royal Chapel, in Dreux.[1]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

The duchess's arms.
  • 6 October 1726 - 29 December 1744 Her Most Serene Highness Princess Maria Teresa Felicitas.
  • 29 December 1744 - 30 April 1754 Her Most Serene Highness The Duchess of Penthièvre.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este (1726-1754)". Retrieved 2022-08-21.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este at Wikimedia Commons