Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

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Maria Teresa d'Este
Duchess of Penthièvre
Madame la duchesse de Penthièvre par Daniel Klein, Collection du musée de l'Ile-de-France, Sceaux.png
Portrait attributed to Daniel Klein, c. 1745-47.
Born(1726-10-06)6 October 1726
Ducal Palace, Modena
Died30 April 1754(1754-04-30) (aged 27)
Château de Rambouillet, France
IssueLouis Marie, Duke of Rambouillet
Louis Alexandre, Prince of Lamballe
Jean Marie, Duke of Châteauvillain
Vincent, Count of Guingamp
Marie Adélaide, Duchess of Orléans
Full name
Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este
FatherFrancesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
MotherCharlotte Aglaé d'Orléans
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Marie Thérèse Félicité d'Este (Italian: Maria Teresa Felicitas; October 6, 1726 – April 30, 1754) was born a princess of Modena. By marriage, she was the Duchess of Penthièvre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and a grandmother to the future Louis Philippe I.

One of nine children, she was the first daughter of the family but her mother eventually returned to France to live. In France she was eventually engaged to the hugely wealthy Duke of Penthièvre, who was a distant cousin of hers. In France she was known as Marie Thérèse Félicité.

Marriage[change | change source]

in 1744 at the Palace of Versailles she was married to a second cousin, the French Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre. A very happy marriage the couple had seven children in total but only two of them survived childhood.

Children[change | change source]

  1. Louis Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Rambouillet (2 January 1746 – 13 November 1749) died young.
  2. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, "Prince of Lamballe" (6 September 1747 –6 May 1768), married Princess Marie Louise of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Carignan but had no children.
  3. Jean Marie de Bourbon (Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 17 July 1748 – Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, 19 May 1755), Duke of Châteauvillain died young.
  4. Vincent de Bourbon, Count of Guingamp (22 June 1750 – 14 March 1752) died young.
  5. Marie Louise de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (18 October 1751 – 26 September 1753) died young.
  6. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Mademoiselle d'Ivoy and later Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (13 March 1753 – , 23 June 1821), married Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and had children.
  7. Louis Marie Félicité de Bourbon (29 April 1754 – 30 April 1754) died young.

Death[change | change source]

Marie Thérèse Félicité died in childbirth in 1754 giving birth to a son who also died. Her husband refused to remarry and died in 1793. Her daughter Marie Adélaïde moved Marie Thérèse Félicité's body to the Royal Chapel, in Dreux.

Titles and styles[change | change source]

The Duchess's arms.
  • 6 October 1726 - 29 December 1744 Her Most Serene Highness Princess Maria Teresa Felicitas.
  • 29 December 1744 - 30 April 1754 Her Most Serene Highness The Duchess of Penthièvre.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este at Wikimedia Commons