Carey performing on Good Morning America, May 24, 2013
|Born||March 27, 1969
or March 27, 1970 (sources differ)|
Huntington, New York, United States
|Genres||R&B, pop, hip hop, soul, dance|
|Occupations||Singer-songwriter, record producer, philanthropist|
|Labels||Columbia, Virgin, Island|
Early life[change | change source]
Music career[change | change source]
In December 1988 Carey started making her first album.
She released her debut album titled as her name in 1990. It was released from Columbia Records. The album was certified multi-platinum by the RIAA. Four singles from the album all reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart ("Vision of Love", "Love Takes Time", "Someday", and "I Don't Wanna Cry"). It reached number one on the US Billboard 200. It was certified 9x platinum. This means that 9 million copies of the album were shipped in the US. Carey married Tommy Mottola in 1993. Mottola was the executive producer for Carey. Many critics believed that this helped Carey's musical career.
In 1991, her album Emotions reached number four on the Billboard 200. It was certified 4x platinum and sold less than her previous album. Her songs "Emotions" (#1), "Can't Let Go" (#2) and "Make It Happen" (#5) were released as singles from the album. Carey released her first EP MTV Unplugged (1992). It reached number three on the Billboard 200. The songs "I'll Be There" (#1) and "If It's Over" were released as singles from the album. Carey's third album Music Box (1993) reached number one on the Billboard 200. As of 2012, the album has sold 7,189,000 copies in the US according to Nielsen Soundcan. Worldwide, it sold 32 million copies and became one of the best-selling albums of all time. "Dreamlover" (#1), "Hero" (#1), "Without You" (#3), "Never Forget You" (#3) and "Anytime You Need a Friend" (#12) helped Carey to become more popular.
Her first holiday album, Merry Christmas (1994) reached number three on the Billboard 200 chart. Two singles were released "All I Want for Christmas Is You" (#12) and "Joy to the World". Carey's fifth album Daydream became her third number one album in the US. It was given a diamond award from the RIAA. This means that 10 million copies of the album were shipped in the US. There were six singles for the album. They include "Fantasy" (#1), "One Sweet Day" (#1), "Open Arms", "Always Be My Baby" (#1), "Forever" (#9) and "Underneath the Stars". On September 16, 1997 Carey released her sixth album Butterfly. The album reached number one on the Billboard 200 chart. The album released five singles. They include "Honey" (#1), "Butterfly" (#16), "The Roof (Back in Time)", "Breakdown" (#53) and "My All" (#1).
On November 2, 1999, her seventh album Rainbow was released. After selling 323,000 copies the first week, it debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 chart. Carey starred in the movie Glitter in 2001. It did not do so well and grossed $5,271,666 out of a $20,000,000 budget. It was nominated for several word movie categories. The soundtrack did better than the movie. In 2002, her album Charmbracelet was released. Her 2005 album, The Emancipation of Mimi, became one of her most successful albums. Many music critics believed it was her "comeback album". Her following albums E=MC² (2008), Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009) and Merry Christmas II You (2010), did not sell well. Mariah Carey has sold over 200,000,000 copies worldwide and is one of the best-selling artists of all time. In 2013, she was a judge in American Idol. Carey's fourteenth album The Art of Letting Go is going to be released in 2014. "Beautiful" was released in May 2013. "The Art of Letting Go" was released on November 11, 2013.
Personal life[change | change source]
Movies[change | change source]
|2001||Glitter||Billie Frank||2001 Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress|
|2003||Death of a Dynasty||Herself||Cameo appearance|
|2005||State Property 2||Dame's Wifey|
|2008||You Don't Mess with the Zohan||Herself||Cameo appearance|
Palm Springs International Film Festival Breakthrough Performance Award
|2002||Ally McBeal||Candy Cushnip||"Playing with Matches" (Season 5, episode 8)|
|2003||The Proud Family||Herself||Voice role|
Discography[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Sources differ. Those giving 1970 include:
- Nickson, Chris (2011). Mariah Carey Revisited: The Unauthorized Biography. St. Martin's Press. p. 8.
- Shapiro, Marc (2001). Mariah Carey. ECW Press. p. 18.
- McCann, Bob (2010). Encyclopedia of African American Actresses in Film and Television. McFarland. p. 69.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Mariah Carey Artist Biography". AllMusic.com. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/mariah-carey-mn0000262255/biography. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Mariah Carey Biography". People. http://www.people.com/people/mariah_carey/biography. Retrieved 2013-10-26.. The magazine specified, "[W]e have a copy of Ms. Carey's driver's license, which lists her birthday as March 27, 1969. Furthermore, we spoke with the administrators at the high school she attended who confirmed that Ms. Carey's birthday is March 27, 1969, as did her management when we made our initial interview."
- Derschowitz, Jessica (October 28, 2010). "Mariah Carey: I'm Pregnant". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-31749_162-20021007-10391698.html. "…Carey, 41…"
- "Mariah Carey Has Early Contractions on Birthday". Parade. March 28, 2011. http://www.parade.com/celebrity/hollywood-wire/2011/03/28/mariah-carey-early-contractions.html. Retrieved October 26, 2013. "Carey, who turned 42 on Sunday...."
- Lovece, Frank (August 8, 2013). "Mariah Carey says she was spit on as a child on LI". Newsday (Long Island). http://www.newsday.com/entertainment/celebrities/mariah-carey-says-she-was-spit-on-as-a-child-on-li-1.5858906. Retrieved October 26, 2013. "...Carey, 44..."
- "News". Mariah Carey. http://mariahcarey.com/news/32701. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
Books[change | change source]
- Appleman, Chris (1986). The Science of Vocal Pedagogy: Theory and Application. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
- James, Harold (1998). Guinness Rockopedia. Los Angeles: Guinness Publishing Ltd.
- Nickson, Chris (1995). Mariah Carey: her story. New York: St. Martin's Griffin.
- Nickson, Chris (1998). Mariah Carey revisited. New York: St. Martin's Griffin.
- Peckham, Anne (2005). Vocal Workouts for the Contemporary Singer. Boston: Berklee Press.
- Shapiro, Marc (2001). Mariah Carey: the unauthorized biography. Toronto: ECW Press.
- Viros, Alexandre (2009). Casser les Voix. Paris: St. Martin's Griffin.
- Hardy, Phil. The Faber Companion to 20th Century Popular Music: Fully Revised Third Edition (2001). pg. 156–157. UK: Faber and Faber Limited. ISBN 0-571-19608-X.
- Mulholland, Garry. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (2003). pg. 57. UK: Flame Tree Publishing. ISBN 1-904041-70-1.
- Fred Bronson's Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits, 5th Edition (ISBN 0-8230-7677-6)
- Joel Whitburn Presents the Billboard Hot 100 Charts: The Sixties (ISBN 0-89820-074-1)
- Joel Whitburn Presents the Billboard Hot 100 Charts: The Nineties (ISBN 0-89820-137-3)
- Additional information concerning Carey's chart history can be retrieved and verified in Billboard's online archive services and print editions of the magazine.
Other websites[change | change source]
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Images and media from Wikiversity
Images and media from Wikispecies
Database entry from Wikidata
Documentation from MediaWiki
- Official website
- Mariah Carey at Allmusic
- Mariah Carey at the Internet Movie Database
- Works by or about Mariah Carey in libraries (WorldCat catalog)