Marie Joséphine of Savoy
|Marie Joséphine of Savoie|
|Countess of Provence|
|Marie Joséphine by Alexander Kucharsky|
|Spouse||Louis XVIII of France|
|Maria Giuseppa Luisa Benedetta di Savoia|
|House||House of Savoy|
|Father||Victor Amadeus III|
|Mother||Maria Antonia of Spain|
|Born||2 September 1753
Royal Palace, Turin
|Died||13 November 1810
Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire, England
|Burial||Cagliari Cathedral, Cagliari|
Marie Joséphine of Savoy (Maria Giuseppa Luisa Benedetta; 2 September 1753 – 13 November 1810) was the wife of the future Louis XVIII of France. She was a princess of Savoy by birth, became the titular Queen consort, and was known by her title: Her Royal Highness, Countess of Provence (comtesse de Provence).
Family[change | change source]
She was born at the Royal Palace of Turin on 2 September 1753 and was the third child and second daughter of Victor Amadeus and his wife the Spanish Infanta Maria Antonia of Spain. At the time of her birth her grandfather, Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia, was the King of Sardinia.
Marriage[change | change source]
Maria Giuseppina was engaged to the French Prince Louis Stanislas of France. He was known as the Count of Provence. They were married on 16 April 1771 by proxy in the Turin. They were married in person on 14 May 1771 at the Palace of Versailles. A luxurious ball followed the wedding on 20 May. She was considered to be ugly. Louis Stanislas hated his wife. We know today that these rumors were created by those who supported Marie Antoinette as a rivalry soon emerged after the youngest brother 'comte d'Artois', married the Comtesse's sister, thereby bringing yet another Savoyard princess to Versailles and creating an Italian party at court.
In France she was known as Marie Joséphine de Savoie. She had a high rank at court as her husband was a grandson of the reiging king. She was a cousin of the ill-fated Princess of Lamballe who was instrumental in the arrangement of the marriage. At the death of her husband’s grandfather Louis XV in 1774, her brother-in-law succeeded as Louis XVI. She became pregnant in 1774 and 1781, but both pregnancies ended in miscarriage. In 1791 Marie Joséphine went to Germany. During the period of exile, the Count and Countess fought constantly. Some historians have suggested Marie Joséphine's possible lesbian relationship with a lady-in-waiting as the primary cause for discord between the couple. The Countess of Valentinois was a lady-in-waiting of hers.
Exile and death[change | change source]
Marie Joséphine died of an edema at Hartwell House, English residence of the exiled French royal family. Marie Joséphine was laid to rest in the Lady Chapel of Westminster Abbey. Her body was removed a year later on Louis's orders and buried in the Kingdom of Sardinia; today in Cagliari Cathedral.
Titles and styles[change | change source]
- 2 September 1753 - 16 April 1771 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Giuseppa of Savoy.
- 16 April 1771 - 13 November 1810 Her Royal Highness "Madame", The Countess of Provence, Granddaughter of France by marriage.