Marie Thérèse of Austria

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Marie Thérèse of Austria
Detail of Marie Thérèse d'Autriche by Nocret.jpg
Queen Marie Thérèse by Jean Nocret
Queen of France and of Navarre
Consort9 June 1660 – 30 July 1683
Born(1638-09-10)10 September 1638
El Escorial, Spain
Died30 July 1683(1683-07-30) (aged 44)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial3 September 1683
Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
SpouseLouis XIV of France
Louis, Dauphin of France
Marie Thérèse, "Madame Royale"
Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou
Louis François, Duke of Anjou
Full name
María Teresa de Austria y Borbón
HouseBourbons of France
Habsburgs of Spain
FatherPhilip IV of Spain
MotherElisabeth of France
SignatureMarie Thérèse of Austria's signature

Marie Thérèse of Austria[1], Infanta of Spain, Infanta of Portugal, Archduchess of Austria (María Teresa; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683) was the daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth of France. She was Queen of France as wife of King Louis XIV and mother of Le Grand Dauphin. During her lifetime in Spain, she was painted by the renowned painter, Diego Velázquez. Married to Louis XIV in 1660 following the Franco-Spanish War she played little part in politics during her lifetime. The Bourbon Claim to the Spanish Throne which sparked of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1700 stems from her. She also acted as regent of France for her husband at least once during her tenure as queen consort.

Background[change | change source]

Born María Teresa, she was the only surviving daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth of France. By birth she was she was an Infanta of Spain, Portugal and Archduchess of Austria and member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg[2].

Marriage[change | change source]

María Teresa, Infanta of Spain and Archduchess of Austria married Louis XIV of France by proxy on 3 June 1660 at Fuenterrabia. Her father Philip IV and the entire Spanish court accompanied the María Teresa to the Isle of Pheasants in Bidassoa, where Louis XIV and his court met her. On 7 June 1660, she departed from her native country of Spain. On 9 June she married Louis XIV in a religious ceremony at Saint-Jean-de-Luz in the Saint Jean Baptiste church, which had recently been rebuilt for the occasion. Known as Marie Thérèse d'Autriche, she had a six children with Louis XIV but he would never love her. Marie Thérèse lived a quiet life with her Spanish attendants and had to put up with her husbands various affairs, notably with Louise de La Vallière and Madame de Montespan. She is a direct ancestor of the present Spainish King Felipe VI.

Death and legacy[change | change source]

During the last week of July 1683, Marie Thérèse fell ill. She died a painful death on 30 July 1683 at Versailles in the arms of Madame de Maintenon. She was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis outside Paris on 3 September 1683. Her tomb was destroyed during the French Revolution.

Children[change | change source]

  1. Louis of France, Dauphin of France (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) Dauphin of France married Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria and had issue. Later married Marie Émilie de Joly in secret.
  2. Anne Élisabeth of France (18 November 1662 – 30 December 1662) died in infancy.
  3. Marie Anne of France (16 November 1664 – 26 December 1664) died in infancy or the Black Nun of Moret
  4. Marie Thérèse of France (2 January 1667 – 1 March 1672) known as "Madame Royale" but died in infancy.
  5. Philippe Charles of France (5 August 1668 – 10 July 1671) Duke of Anjou, died in infancy.
  6. Louis François of France (14 June 1672 – 4 November 1672) Duke of Anjou, died in infancy.

Namesakes[change | change source]

  1. Her third daughter was named after her.
  2. As well as a "Princess of the French royal blood" Marie Thérèse, Princess of Conti.

References[change | change source]

  1. As a result of being a member of the Spainish branch of the House of Habsburg, she was also an Archduchess of Austria by birth hence being known as Maria Theresa of Austria. Although an Infanta of Spain the rank of Archduchess outranked that of Infanta, therefore Maria Theresa "of Spain" is incorrect.
  2. The other brach being the hereditary rulers of Austria and the Holy Roman Empire.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Marie Thérèse of Austria at Wikimedia Commons