Marine Le Pen
|Marine Le Pen
Marine Le Pen in 2014
|Leader of the National Front|
16 January 2011 – 24 April 2017
|Preceded by||Jean-Marie Le Pen|
|Succeeded by||Jean-François Jalkh (Interim)|
|Member of the European Parliament|
14 July 2009
20 July 2004 – 13 July 2009
26 March 2010
28 March 2004 – 21 March 2010
15 March 1998 – 28 March 2004
23 March 2008 – 24 February 2011
|Born||Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen
5 August 1968
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
|Political party||National Front (1986–present)|
|Spouse(s)||Franck Chauffroy (div.)
Eric Lorio (div.)
|Domestic partner||Louis Aliot (2009–present)|
|Relations||Jean-Marie Le Pen (father) Marion Maréchal-Le Pen (niece)|
|Children||Jehanne, Louis, Mathilde|
|Alma mater||Panthéon-Assas University|
Marine Le Pen (French pronunciation: [ma.ʁin lə.pɛn]; born Marion Anne Perrine Le Pen; 5 August 1968) is a French politician. She was the leader of the National Front (FN) political party from 2011 until her resignation in 2017. She is a lawyer. She is the youngest daughter of Jean-Marie Le Pen, who was leader of FN for many years. She is the aunt of Marion Maréchal-Le Pen.
Marine Le Pen and her family has been the target of an assassination attempt in 1976 when she was 8 years old. She has studied law at Panthéon-Assas University and has become a barrister. She joined the National Front in 1998 and rose to prominence, being elected in several positions such as Member of the European Parliament in 2004, to finally succeed to her father at the head of the party in 2011.
Since that, she has led a movement of "de-demonization of the National Front" (in reference to her father's nickname "The Devil of the Republic") in order to detoxify it and soften its image. She is considered to be far more republican and democratic than her controversial and nationalist father. Her success is also based on a renovated political speech and a renewed team. She got the best FN score at the 2012 French presidential election and her party have progressed in next elections until shoving the traditional bipartism between right and left wings in France.
References[change | change source]
- "Marine Le Pen waiting in the shadows". economist.com. http://www.economist.com/blogs/elysee/2012/04/marine-le-pen. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- "Marine Le Pen steps down as Front National leader". The Irish Times. April 24, 2017. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/europe/marine-le-pen-steps-down-as-front-national-leader-1.3059180.