Mars Orbiter Mission

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Mars Orbiter Mission
Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft.jpg
Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft (illustration)
NamesMangalyaan
Mission typeMars orbiter
OperatorISRO
COSPAR ID2013-060A
SATCAT no.39370
Websitewww.isro.gov.in/pslv-c25-mars-orbiter-mission
Mission durationPlanned: 6 months[1]
Elapsed: 4 years, 8 months, 26 days
Spacecraft properties
BusI-1K[2]
ManufacturerISAC
Launch mass1,337.2 kg (2,948 lb)[3]
BOL mass≈550 kg (1,210 lb)Lakshmi, Rama (24 September 2014). "India becomes first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit, joins elite global space club". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
Dry mass482.5 kg (1,064 lb)[3]
Payload mass13.4 kg (30 lb)[3]
Dimensions1.5 m (4.9 ft) cube
Power840 watts[2]
Start of mission
Launch date5 November 2013, 09:08 (2013-11-05UTC09:08) UTC[4]
RocketPSLV-XL C25[5]
Launch siteSatish Dhawan FLP
ContractorISRO
Mars orbiter
Orbital insertion24 September 2014, 02:00 UTC[6]
MSD 50027 06:27 AMT
1729 days / 1683 sols
Orbit parameters
Periareon421.7 km (262.0 mi)[7]
Apoareon76,993.6 km (47,841.6 mi)[7]
Inclination150.0° [7]
Indian missions to Mars

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) is a space probe that has been orbiting Mars since 24 September, 2014.[8] It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).[9] It is India's first interplanetary mission. India is both the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit and the first nation to reach Mars on its first try.[10] Another name for the probe is Mangalyaan.

Mission goals[change | change source]

The main goal of the mission is to develop the technologies needed for interplanetary missions. The other goal is to explore Mars' surface, rocks, and atmosphere.[11] Scientists want to know how much CO2 and methane is in the Martian atmosphere. They also want to know how the solar wind and radiation affect Mars. Scientists also want to learn more about Mars's moons, Phobos and Deimos.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Mars Orbiter Spacecraft completes Engine Test, fine-tunes its Course". Spaceflight 101. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Arunan, S.; Satish, R. (25 September 2015). "Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft and its challenges". Current Science 109 (6): 1061–1069. doi:10.18520/v109/i6/1061-1069. 
  4. "India to launch Mars Orbiter Mission on November 5". The Times of India. Times News Network. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  5. "Mars Orbiter Mission: Launch Vehicle". ISRO. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  6. Tucker, Harry (25 September 2014). "India becomes first country to enter Mars' orbit on their first attempt". Herald Sun. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 ISRO (24 September 2014). "Mars Orbiter Spacecraft Successfully Inserted into Mars Orbit". Press release. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140925151403/http://www.isro.org/pressrelease/scripts/pressreleasein.aspx?Sep24_2014. 
  8. "PSLV-C25/Mars Orbiter Mission - ISRO". www.isro.gov.in. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  9. "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Details". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  10. "Dear Mangalyaan: What India's Mars mission means to me". Science & Innovation. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  11. Science, Leonard David 2013-10-15T14:53:59Z; Astronomy. "India's First Mission to Mars to Launch This Month". Space.com. Retrieved 2 May 2019.