Mars Orbiter Mission

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Mars Orbiter Mission
Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft (illustration)
Mission typeMars orbiter
COSPAR ID2013-060A
SATCAT no.39370
Mission durationPlanned: 6 months[1]
Elapsed: 9 years, 2 months, 8 days
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass1,337.2 kg (2,948 lb)[3]
BOL mass≈550 kg (1,210 lb)
Dry mass482.5 kg (1,064 lb)[3]
Payload mass13.4 kg (30 lb)[3]
Dimensions1.5 m (4.9 ft) cube
Power840 watts[2]
Start of mission
Launch date5 November 2013, 09:08 (2013-11-05UTC09:08) UTC[4]
RocketPSLV-XL C25[5]
Launch siteSatish Dhawan FLP
Mars orbiter
Orbital insertion24 September 2014, 02:00 UTC[6]
MSD 50027 06:27 AMT
3355 days / 3266 sols
Orbit parameters
Periareon421.7 km (262.0 mi)[7]
Apoareon76,993.6 km (47,841.6 mi)[7]
Indian missions to Mars

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) is a space probe that has been orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014.[8] It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).[9] It is India's first interplanetary mission. India is both the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit and the first nation to reach Mars on its first try.[10] Another name for the probe is Mangalyaan.

Mission goals[change | change source]

The main goal of the mission is to develop the technologies needed for interplanetary missions. The other goal is to explore Mars' surface, rocks, and atmosphere.[11] Scientists want to know how much CO2 and methane is in the atmosphere of Mars. They also want to know how the solar wind and radiation affect Mars. Scientists also want to learn more about Mars's moons, Phobos and Deimos.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Mars Orbiter Spacecraft completes Engine Test, fine-tunes its Course". Spaceflight 101. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft". Indian Space Research Organisation. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Arunan, S.; Satish, R. (25 September 2015). "Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft and its challenges". Current Science. 109 (6): 1061–1069. doi:10.18520/v109/i6/1061-1069.
  4. "India to launch Mars Orbiter Mission on November 5". The Times of India. Times News Network. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  5. "Mars Orbiter Mission: Launch Vehicle". ISRO. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  6. Tucker, Harry (25 September 2014). "India becomes first country to enter Mars' orbit on their first attempt". Herald Sun. Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on 30 May 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Mars Orbiter Spacecraft Successfully Inserted into Mars Orbit" (Press release). ISRO. 24 September 2014. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  8. "PSLV-C25/Mars Orbiter Mission - ISRO". Archived from the original on 5 February 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  9. "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Details". Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  10. "Dear Mangalyaan: What India's Mars mission means to me". Science & Innovation. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  11. Science, Leonard David 2013-10-15T14:53:59Z; Astronomy (15 October 2013). "India's First Mission to Mars to Launch This Month". Retrieved 2 May 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)