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Prefecture and commune
Clockwise from top: Notre-Dame de la GardeOld PortCMA CGM TowerCalanque of Sugiton
Flag of Marseille
Coat of arms of Marseille
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Actibus immensis urbs fulget massiliensis
"The city of Marseille shines from its great achievements"
Marseille is located in France
Coordinates: 43°17′47″N 5°22′12″E / 43.2964°N 5.37°E / 43.2964; 5.37Coordinates: 43°17′47″N 5°22′12″E / 43.2964°N 5.37°E / 43.2964; 5.37
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Marseille
Canton 12 cantons
Intercommunality Aix-Marseille-Provence
 • Mayor (since 1995) Jean-Claude Gaudin (LR)
Area1 240.62 km2 (92.90 sq mi)
 • Urban (2010) 1,731.91 km2 (668.69 sq mi)
 • Metro (2010) 3,173.51 km2 (1,225.30 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2013[1])2 855,393
 • Rank 2nd after Paris
 • Density 3,554.95/km2 (9,207.29/sq mi)
 • Urban (2014) 1,578,484[2]
 • Metro (Jan. 2011) 1,831,500[3]
Demonym(s) Marseillais (French)
Marselhés (Occitan)
Massiliot (ancient)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 13055 /13001-13016
Dialling codes 0491 or 0496

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Marseille is a city in the south of France in the Bouches-du-Rhône department. About 1.7 million people live in the metropolitan area, and about 850,000 in the city itself. This makes it the second largest city in France by number of people. It is the third largest by size. Marseille is all in the south, at the Mediterranean sea. It has the biggest commercial port in France. The port is one of the most important in the Mediterranean.

Although part of the region of Provence, Marseilles has its own history. This city is the oldest in France and probably the most complex. The city was started around 600 BC by Greek sailors from (modern day) Foça. This was a Greek colony in Asia Minor. It is in what is now Turkey.

Marseille has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).

Education[change | change source]

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