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Persian: مشهد ‹Mašhad›
Nickname(s): Mashhad
Motto: City of paradise (Shahre behesht)
Mashhad is located in Iran
Location of Mashhad in Iran
Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.3°N 59.6°E / 36.3; 59.6Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.3°N 59.6°E / 36.3; 59.6
Country  Iran
Province Razavi Khorasan
County Mashhad
Bakhsh Central
Mashhad-Sanabad-Toos 818 AD (Martyrdom Of Imam Reza)
 • Mayor (Ŝahrdār) Mohammad Pejman
 • City 458 km2 (177 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,946 km2 (1,524 sq mi)
Elevation 985 m (3,232 ft)
Population (2006[1])
 • City 2,907,316
 • Population Rank in Iran 2nd
  Over 20 million pilgrims and tourists per year[2]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Mashhad (Persian:مشهد) is a city of Razavi Khorasan province in Iran, Masshad is second big city of Iran, It is near borders of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

Mashhad is known because it is place of resting of the Imam Reza and also Ferdowsi the Great Persian poet.

History[change | change source]

Before 9th century Mashhad was a small village but after Al-Ma'mun the Abbasid caliph killed Ali ar-Ridha (Imam of Shi'a Muslims) Mashhad returned to a famous town, in the time of Safavid dynasty Shah Ismail I (1501) made Mashhad to an important city until Nader Shah the Napoleon of Persia choosed it for his Empire capital and after that Mashhad was one of important cities of Iran until now.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Statistical Centre of Iran, 2006 Population and Housing Census, Administrative units of Razavi Khorasan and their populations. (excel-file, in Persian). Retrieved 2008-07-05.[dead link]
  2. "Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran". Retrieved 2006-03-13.

Sources[change | change source]