From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Persian: مشهد‎ ‹Mašhad›
Nickname(s): Mashhad
Motto(s): City of paradise (Shahre behesht)
Mashhad is located in Iran
Location of Mashhad in Iran
Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.300°N 59.600°E / 36.300; 59.600Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.300°N 59.600°E / 36.300; 59.600
Country Iran
Province Razavi Khorasan
County Mashhad
Bakhsh Central
Mashhad-Sanabad-Toos 818 AD (Martyrdom Of Imam Reza)
 • Mayor (Ŝahrdār) Ghasem Taghizadeh Khamesi
 • City 458 km2 (177 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,946 km2 (1,524 sq mi)
Elevation 985 m (3,232 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City 3,001,184
 • Population Rank in Iran 2nd
  Over 25 million pilgrims and tourists per year[1]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Mashhad (Persian: مشهد‎) is a city in the Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran. Masshad is second the second largest city in Iran. It is close to Iran's border with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

Mashhad is primarily known as the resting place of Imam Reza and also the great Persian poet, Ferdowsi.

History[change | change source]

Before the 9th century, Mashhad was a small village but became prosperous after imam Reza was killed and buried there by Al-Ma'mun the Abbasid caliph. Mashhad turned into a famous town, in the time of Shah IsmailI of the Safavid dynasty (1501) and later Nader Shah of his Empire chose Mashhad as his capital. Mashhad has remained one of Iran's most important cities till this day even with the relocation of the capital to Tehran.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran". Retrieved 2006-03-13.