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Persian: مشهد ‹Mašhad›
Nickname(s): Mashhad
Motto(s): City of paradise (Shahre behesht)
Country Iran
Province Razavi Khorasan
County Mashhad
Bakhsh Central
Mashhad-Sanabad-Toos 818 AD (Martyrdom Of Imam Reza)
 • Mayor (Ŝahrdār) Mohammad Pejman
 • City 458 km2 (177 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,946 km2 (1,524 sq mi)
Elevation 985 m (3,232 ft)
Population (2006[1])
 • City 2,907,316
 • Population Rank in Iran 2nd
  Over 20 million pilgrims and tourists per year[2]
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Mashhad (Persian: مشهد) is a city in the Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran. Masshad is second the second largest city in Iran. It is close to Iran's border with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

Mashhad is primarily known as the resting place of Imam Reza and also the great Persian poet, Ferdowsi.

History[change | change source]

Before the 9th century, Mashhad was a small village but became prosperous after imam Reza was killed and buried there by Al-Ma'mun the Abbasid caliph. Mashhad turned into a famous town, in the time of Shah IsmailI of the Safavid dynasty (1501) and later Nader Shah of his Empire chose Mashhad as his capital. Mashhad has remained one of Iran's most important cities till this day even with the relocation of the capital to Tehran.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Statistical Centre of Iran, 2006 Population and Housing Census, Administrative units of Razavi Khorasan and their populations. (excel-file, in Persian). Retrieved 2008-07-05.[dead link]
  2. "Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran". Retrieved 2006-03-13. 

Sources[change | change source]

Media related to Mashhad at Wikimedia Commons