Mashhad

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Mashhad

Persian: مشهد‎ ‹Mašhad›
Nickname(s): 
Mashhad
Motto(s): 
City of paradise (Shahre behesht)
Mashhad is located in Iran
Mashhad
Mashhad
Location of Mashhad in Iran
Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.300°N 59.600°E / 36.300; 59.600Coordinates: 36°18′N 59°36′E / 36.300°N 59.600°E / 36.300; 59.600
CountryIran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountyMashhad
BakhshCentral
Mashhad-Sanabad-Toos818 AD (Martyrdom Of Imam Reza)
Government
 • Mayor (Ŝahrdār)Ghasem Taghizadeh Khamesi
Area
 • City458 km2 (177 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,946 km2 (1,524 sq mi)
Elevation
985 m (3,232 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • City3,001,184
 • Population Rank in Iran
2nd
 Over 25 million pilgrims and tourists per year[1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Websitehttp://www.mashhad.ir

Mashhad (Persian: مشهد‎) is a city in the Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran. Masshad is second the second largest city in Iran. It is close to Iran's border with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

Mashhad is primarily known as the resting place of Imam Reza and also the great Persian poet, Ferdowsi.

History[change | change source]

Before the 9th century, Mashhad was a small village but became prosperous after imam Reza was killed and buried there by Al-Ma'mun the Abbasid caliph. Mashhad turned into a famous town, in the time of Shah IsmailI of the Safavid dynasty (1501) and later Nader Shah of his Empire chose Mashhad as his capital. Mashhad has remained one of Iran's most important cities till this day even with the relocation of the capital to Tehran.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran". sacredsites.com. Retrieved 2006-03-13.