|Senator of the Kingdom of Italy|
20 October 1853 – 15 January 1866
|Monarch||Victor Emmanuel II|
|Prime Minister of Sardinia|
7 May 1849 – 4 November 1852
|Monarch||Victor Emmanuel II|
|Preceded by||Claudio Gabriele de Launay|
|Succeeded by||The Count of Cavour|
|Member of the Sardinian Chamber of Deputies|
8 May 1848 – 20 October 1853
|Born||24 October 1798|
Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia
|Died||15 January 1866 (aged 67)|
|Political party||Historical Right|
Giulia Claudia Manzoni
(m. 1831; died 1834)
|Parents||Cesare Taparelli and Cristina Morozzo|
|Alma mater||University of Turin|
|Profession||Soldier, writer, painter|
|Branch/service||Royal Sardinian Army|
|Years of service||1815; 1848–1849|
|Unit||2nd Cavalry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||1st Italian War of Independence|
Massimo Taparelli, Marquess of Azeglio (24 October 1798 – 15 January 1866), commonly called Massimo d'Azeglio (Italian: [ˈmassimo tapaˈrɛlli dadˈdzeʎʎo]), belonging to the high nobility, was a Piedmontese-Italian statesman, novelist and painter. He was Prime Minister of Sardinia for almost three years, until his rival Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour succeeded him. D'Azeglio was a moderate liberal who hoped for a federal union between Italian states. As Prime Minister, he consolidated the parliamentary system, getting the young king to accept his constitutional status, and worked hard for a peace treaty with Austria. Although himself a Roman Catholic, he introduced freedom of worship, supported public education, and sought to reduce the power of the clergy in local political affairs. As senator, following the annexation of the United Provinces of Central Italy, Azeglio attempted to reconcile the Vatican with the new Italian Kingdom. His brother Luigi Taparelli d'Azeglio was a Jesuit priest.
Related pages[change | change source]
- Luigi Taparelli (1793–1862), his brother; an Italian Jesuit scholar who coined the term social justice.
References[change | change source]
- Rapport, Michael (2005). Nineteenth-Century Europe. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 165.
- Matsumoto-Best, Saho (2003). Britain and the Papacy in the Age of Revolution, 1846–1851. Boydell & Brewer. p. 23.
- Romani, Roberto (2018). Sensibilities of the Risorgimento: Reason and Passions in Political Thought. BRILL. p. 193.
- Marrone, Gaetana (2007). Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies: A-J. Taylor & Francis. p. 573.
- "I miei ricordi" (PDF).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Azeglio, Massimo Taparelli". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Further reading[change | change source]
- d'Azeglio, Massimo. Things I Remember (I miei ricordi) (Oxford UP, 1966).
- Gilmour, David.The Pursuit of Italy: A History of a Land, Its Regions, and Their Peoples (2011). excerpt
- Hom, Stephanie Malia. "On the Origins of Making Italy: Massimo D’Azeglio and ‘Fatta l’Italia, bisogna fare gli Italiani’." Italian Culture 31.1 (2013): 1–16. online[permanent dead link]
- Jenks, William Alexander. Francis Joseph and the Italians: 1849–1859 (University Press of Virginia, 1978).
- Marshall, Ronald. Massimo d'Azeglio: an artist in politics, 1798–1866 (Oxford UP, 1966).