Mathilde Kchessinska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mathilde Kchessinska

Mathilde Kschessinskaya costumed for the title role in La Camargo, circa 1902
Born 31 August 1872(1872-08-31)
Ligovo, Petergof, Russian Empire
Died 6 December 1971(1971-12-06) (aged 99)
Paris, France

Mathilde Marie Feliksovna Kschessinskaya (31 August [O.S. 19 August] 1872–6 December 1971 (also known as Her Serene Highness Princess Romanova-Krasinskaya from 1921) was a Russian ballerina from a family of Polish origin. She was known in the West as Mathilde Kschessinska or Matilda Kshesinskaya.[1]

Her father Feliks Krzesiński and her brother both danced in St. Petersburg. She eventually attained the highest rank, that of prima ballerina assoluta.[2]

Kschessinskaya was also a mistress of the future Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. She had been involved with Nicholas, from 1890, when he was a grand duke and she was just seventeen. She met him with his family after her graduation performance. They stayed lovers for three years, until Nicholas married Princess Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt—the future Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna—in 1894, shortly after the death of his father, Tsar Alexander III.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. The latter is Beaumont's version, The Diaghilev Ballet in London, 1940.
  2. Mary Clarke and David Vaughan (eds) 1977. The encyclopedia of dance & ballet. Pitmans, London. p. 201
  3. Kshessinska 1960. Dancing in Petersburg. London, transl Haskell.

Other websites[change | change source]