Max Newman

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Max Newman
Max Newman.jpg
Max Newman in North Wales, c. 1950
Maxwell Herman Alexander Neumann

(1897-02-07)7 February 1897[1]
Died22 February 1984(1984-02-22) (aged 87)
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge[1]
Known forElements of the topology of plane sets of points[2]
Newman's lemma
Newmanry section at Bletchley Park
Heath Robinson (codebreaking machine)
Colossus computer
Newman problem
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society (1939)[3]
Sylvester Medal (1958)
De Morgan Medal (1962)
Scientific career
InstitutionsSt John's College, Cambridge
University of Manchester
Princeton University
Doctoral studentsThomas Graham, Hubert Griffiths, Sze-Tsen Hu, Gilbert Robinson, Hsien Chung Wang[4][5]

Maxwell Herman Alexander "Max" Newman, FRS[3] (7 February 1897 – 22 February 1984) was a British mathematician and codebreaker. He was Jewish. He started the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at the University of Manchester. This laboratory made the first working modern computer. The computer stored programs in 1948. This computer was called the Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine.[6][7][8][9][10]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wylie, Shaun (2004). "Newman , Maxwell Herman Alexander (1897–1984)". In Good, I. J (ed.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31494. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Newman, Max (1939). Elements of the topology of plane sets of points. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24956-3.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Adams, J. F. (1985). "Maxwell Herman Alexander Newman. 7 February 1897-22 February 1984". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 31: 436–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1985.0015. S2CID 62649711.
  4. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Max Newman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
  5. Max Newman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  6. Jack Copeland. "The Modern History of Computing". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 30 Mar 2012.
  7. The Papers of Max Newman, St John's College Library
  8. The Newman Digital Archive, St John's College Library & The University of Portsmouth
  9. Anderson, David (2013). "Max Newman: Forgotten Man of Early British Computing". Communications of the ACM. 56 (5): 29–31. doi:10.1145/2447976.2447986. S2CID 1904488.
  10. List of publications from Microsoft Academic