Maykop

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maykop (Russian: Майкоп; Adyghe: Мыекъуапэ, romanized: Mıéquapə [məjaqʷaːpa]) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia. It is on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban River).

Maykop
Майкоп
Other transcription(s)
 • AdygheМыекъуапэ
 • UbykhГъакъыва
View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
Flag of Maykop
Coat of arms of Maykop
Location of Maykop
Maykop is located in Republic of Adygea
Maykop
Maykop
Location of Maykop
Maykop is located in European Russia
Maykop
Maykop
Maykop (European Russia)
Maykop is located in Caucasus mountains
Maykop
Maykop
Maykop (Caucasus mountains)
Maykop is located in Black Sea
Maykop
Maykop
Maykop (Black Sea)
Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083Coordinates: 44°36′N 40°05′E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083
CountryRussia
Federal subjectAdygea[1]
FoundedMay 1857
City status since1870
Government
 • BodyCouncil of People's Deputies
 • HeadNikolay Pivovarov
Area
 • Total58.62 km2 (22.63 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 • Total144,249
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
141,970 (−1.6%)
 • Rank120th in 2010
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 • Capital ofRepublic of Adygea
 • Capital ofMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 • Urban okrugMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
385000
Dialing code(s)+7 8772
OKTMO ID79701000001
City DayFirst Saturday of June
Websiteweb.archive.org/web/20020604231940/http://www.admins.maykop.ru/

History[change | change source]

Major growth in Maykop started after oil deposits were found nearby in 1910. Maykop was a town in Kuban Oblast at the time.

In 1936, the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast was created with Maykop as the administrative center (capital city).

Maykop has been the capital of the Republic of Adygea since 1991.

Economy[change | change source]

Brewery (cultural heritage)

The finding of large underground oil reserves in 1910 has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, later, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.

Ethnic groups[change | change source]

Grand Mosque of Maykop
Holy Trinity Orthodox cathedral

Ethnic groups in the city (2010 data):

Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tatars.[8] There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians—with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".[9]

Climate[change | change source]

Maykop Railway station

Maykop is in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen climate classification: Cfa).

Climate data for Maykop
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
5.8
(42.4)
11.0
(51.8)
18.2
(64.8)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.9
(84.0)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
17.6
(63.7)
12.3
(54.1)
6.9
(44.4)
17.2
(62.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
16.8
(62.2)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
18.1
(64.6)
12.0
(53.6)
7.6
(45.7)
2.8
(37.0)
11.8
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.4
(32.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.0
(60.8)
11.9
(53.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.4
(43.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
41
(1.6)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
73
(2.9)
89
(3.5)
70
(2.8)
58
(2.3)
62
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
75
(3.0)
69
(2.7)
772
(30.4)
Average precipitation days 8 7 8 8 8 9 7 6 7 7 9 10 94
Source: worldweather.org[10]

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Law #171
  2. Администрация муниципального образования «Город Майкоп» (официальный сайт). Archived September 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Общие сведения о Майкопе.
  3. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Law #171 stipulates that the borders of the republican urban okrugs are identical to those of the municipal urban okrugs.
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Irina BABICH (2004). "THE REPUBLIC OF ADIGEY: ISLAM AND SOCIETY AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY". Central Asia and the Caucasus. 6 (30): 55.
  9. Klimenko, Oxana; Bowers, Stephen R.; and Solovyeva, Lena, "North Caucasus Baseline Project: Adygea" (2009). Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 18. Page 3.
  10. "worldweather.org". Archived from the original on October 25, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2012.