Medicine Lodge, Kansas

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Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Natural amphitheater at the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site (1969)
Natural amphitheater at the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site (1969)
Location within Barber County and Kansas
Location within Barber County and Kansas
KDOT map of Barber County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyBarber
Founded1873
Incorporated1879
Area
 • Total1.21 sq mi (3.13 km2)
 • Land1.21 sq mi (3.13 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,496 ft (456 m)
Population
 • Total2,009
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,930
 • Density1,700/sq mi (640/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67104
Area code620
FIPS code20-45500[4]
GNIS ID0470446[5]
WebsiteCity website

Medicine Lodge is the biggest city in Barber County, Kansas, United States.[6] It is also the county seat of Barber County. In 2010, 2,009 people lived there.[7]

History[change | change source]

Settlers led by a man named John Hutchinson founded Medicine Lodge in February 1873. It was created north of the confluence of Elm Creek and the Medicine Lodge River.[8] The community grew quickly, and it had a hotel, stores, and a post office established within a year.[8]

In 1874, in response to Native raids in the region, residents and the state militia constructed a stockade. A group of Osage killed three settlers within a few miles of the compound, but no direct attack on the fortifications occurred.[9] Medicine Lodge was incorporated as a city in 1879.[8]

Temperance activist Carrie Nation launched her crusade against the sale of alcohol while living in Medicine Lodge in 1900.[10][11] Her home and a recreation of the 1873 stockade are open to the public.[12]

Geography[change | change source]

Medicine Lodge is at 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111 (37.284352, -98.580977) in south-central Kansas. It is in the Red Hills region of the Great Plains.[13] The city is north of the confluence of the Medicine Lodge River and Elm Creek. The city is on the northeast side of the river. Elm Creek goes south around the eastern and southern sides of the city. A tributary of Elm Creek, which goes south through Medicine Lodge, has been dammed north of the city to form a reservoir. This reservoir is Barber County State Lake.

The city is at the junction of U.S. Routes 160 and 281.[14]

The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 1.21 square miles (3.13 km2). All of it is land.[1]

Weather[change | change source]

Medicine Lodge has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). It has hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature in Medicine Lodge is 57.3 °F (14 °C), and the average precipitation per year is 26.2 inches (660 mm).[15] On average, January is the coldest month, July is the warmest month, and June is the wettest month. The hottest temperature ever in Medicine Lodge was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936; the coldest temperature ever was -22 °F (-30 °C) in 1905.[16]

Climate data for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
91
(33)
98
(37)
100
(38)
106
(41)
113
(45)
115
(46)
118
(48)
113
(45)
100
(38)
90
(32)
85
(29)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 43
(6)
50
(10)
59
(15)
69
(21)
78
(26)
88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
84
(29)
72
(22)
57
(14)
46
(8)
69
(21)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
22
(−6)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
53
(12)
63
(17)
67
(19)
66
(19)
57
(14)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
43
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−22
(−30)
−7
(−22)
14
(−10)
20
(−7)
39
(4)
47
(8)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
9
(−13)
0
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.72
(18)
0.97
(25)
2.50
(64)
2.70
(69)
3.93
(100)
4.08
(104)
3.03
(77)
3.06
(78)
2.47
(63)
2.34
(59)
1.84
(47)
0.87
(22)
28.51
(726)
Source: The Weather Channel[16]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880373
18901,095193.6%
1900917−16.3%
19101,22934.0%
19201,3056.2%
19301,65526.8%
19401,87013.0%
19502,28822.4%
19603,07234.3%
19702,545−17.2%
19802,384−6.3%
19902,4532.9%
20002,193−10.6%
20102,009−8.4%
Est. 20161,930[3]−3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[change | change source]

The 2010 census says that there were 2,009 people, 876 households, and 530 families living in Medicine Lodge.[2]

Infrastructure[change | change source]

Medicine Lodge is the western endpoint of the Medicine Lodge railroad of the V&S Railway.[17] The rail line runs northwest-southeast through the southwestern part of the city.

Media[change | change source]

The Gyp Hill Premiere is the local newspaper. It is published once per week.[18]

Famous people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Cutler, William G. (1883). "Barber County, Part 2". History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A.T. Andreas. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  9. "This site is dedicated to Medicine Lodge and Barber County". Cyber Lodge Internet Services. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  10. "Carry A. Nation". Kansas Heritage Group. Archived from the original on 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  11. "Carry A. Nation (1846 – 1911)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2010-03-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. 4th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2009, p. 72-73. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  15. "Historical Weather for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Average weather for Medicine Lodge, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  17. "V&S Railroad - Medicine Lodge Division". V&S Railway. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
  18. "Gyp Hill Premiere". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2010-02-19.

Other websites[change | change source]

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