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Meiō (明応), also known as Mei-ō, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Entoku and before Bunki. This period started in July 1492 and ended in February 1501.[1] During this time, the emperors were Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇)[2] and Go-Kashiwabara-tennō (後柏原天皇).[3]

Events of the Meiō era[change | change source]

The lantern festival at Hasedera is part of a history of fires which includes burning of a 600-year-old statue of Kannon in the 4th year of Meiō
  • 1495 (Meiō 4): Statue of Kannon carved in the 8th century was lost to fire at Hase-dera in Nara.[6]
  • 12 September 1495 (Meiō 4, 24th day of the 8th month): Earthquake at Kashima (Latitude: 35.100/Longitude: 139.500), 7.1 magnitude on the Richter Scale.[7]
  • 9 July 1498 (Meiō 7, 20th day of the 6th month): Earthquake in the Enshunada Sea (Latitude: 34.400/Longitude: 137.700), 6.4 on the Richter Scale.[7]
  • 20 September 1498 (Meiō 7, 2nd day of the 7th month): Earthquake in the Enshunada Sea (Latitude: 34.000/Longitude: 138.100), 8.6 on the Richter Scale; and also on that same day, another earthquake in Nankaido (Latitude: 33.500/Longitude: 135.200), 7.5 on the Richter Scale.[7]
  • 21 October 1500 (Meiō 9, 28th day of the 9th month): Emperor Go-Tuschimikado died.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mei-ō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 625.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Tsuchimikado Tennō," p. 265.
  3. Nussbaum, "Go-Kashiwabara Tennō," p. 255;Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 352-364.
  4. Titsingh, p. 364; the son of Shogun Yoshimi was named Yoshimura until 1501 when he changed his name to Yoshitane.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Titsingh, p. 362.
  6. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hase-dera" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 291-292; Washizuka, Hiromitsu. (1997). Enlightenment embodied: the art of the Japanese Buddhist sculptor, p. 55.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC): NOAA/Japan: Significant Earthquake Database; retrieved 2011-12-3.
  8. Titsingh, p. 363-364; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後土御門天皇 (103); retrieved 2012-5-23.

Other websites[change | change source]

Meiō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: