Meitei culture

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The culture of Meitei civilization evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Ancient Manipur, continuing most notably into Medieval Manipur, while influencing the neighboring states and kingdoms.

Iputhou Pakhangba Laishang, an ancient temple dedicated to Pakhangba, a primordial deity of traditional ancient Meitei religion, located in Kangla.

Arts[change | change source]

Architecture[change | change source]

The architecture of the Inner Entrance Gate, along with the statues of a pair of Kanglashas, the dragon lions, inside the Kangla, the old metropolis of Ancient Manipur.

The architectural works of the Meitei ethnicity is best known through its Meitei temples as well as ancient buildings including palaces, court halls, offices, entrance gates and so on.

Literature[change | change source]

Meitei literature dates back right from the 15th century BC, during the era of Tangcha Lee La Pakhangpa (Tangja Leela Pakhangba) (1445 BC-1405 BC) in Ancient Manipur. The Puya (Meitei texts) account for most of the accounts for the literary works till Medieval Manipur.[1]

Some of the most prominent Puyas, written in Meitei language (Manipuri language),[2] are given below in alphabetical order:

Public holidays and festivals[change | change source]

Important days fall in different times of a year according to Meitei calendar. Some are as follows in alphabetical order:

Religion[change | change source]

The Iputhou Pakhangba Laishang, an ancient temple, inside the Kangla.

Sanamahism, the Meitei religion, is no doubt the oldest religion in the world. It evolved many thousands of years ago.[3] There are thousands of Meitei deities in the ancient Meitei paganism. The List of figures in Meitei mythology accounts for the characters in Meitei mythology, the receptacle of the Meitei religion.[4]

Lai Haraoba[change | change source]

The "Lai Haraoba" festival is an ancient ritualistic music and dance festival, often performed in order to please the Umang Lais and the Lam Lais, whose pantheons are found scattered in the plains of Manipur still today.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Jagoi, originally spelled as Chatkoi, is the traditional form of dancing, performed by the devotees to please the deities. Here is a list of the "Chatkoi"s ("Jagoi"s) :







Death ceremony[change | change source]

The Meitei people perform four types of death ceremony since time immemorial. These are:

  1. Air ceremony (Disposal to the space)
  2. Earth ceremony (Burial)
  3. Fire ceremony (Burning)
  4. Water ceremony (Disposal to the water bodies)

Sports[change | change source]

Manipur, the Meitei kingdom, has risen to prominence in a number of sporting areas since ancient times till today. Polo, the equine sports played all over the world, is developed from Sagol Kangjei, the primitive form of the game. Ancient Manipur is the native birth place of the modern polo.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Kriti Rakshana: A Bi-monthly Publication of the National Mission for Manuscripts. National Mission for Manuscripts. 2006. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2021-05-13. Retrieved 2021-04-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Do You Know Sanamahism Is the Oldest Religion - The Manipur Journal". October 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-04-15. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  4. "The Manipuri Lais". Archived from the original on 2020-09-26. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  5. "D'source Umanglai - Sacred grove of Manipur | Sacred Groves | D'Source Digital Online Learning Environment for Design: Courses, Resources, Case Studies, Galleries, V..." 23 September 2015. Archived from the original on 2020-01-29. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  6. "Sacred groves Manipur need urgent attention". Archived from the original on 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  7. "Sacred Groves in Manipur". Archived from the original on 2020-01-25. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  8. "The Manipuri Lais". Archived from the original on 2020-09-26. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  9. Banerji, Projesh (1956). Dance of India. Kitabistan. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  10. Playne, Somerset (1917). Bengal and Assam, Behar and Orissa: Their History, People, Commerce, and Industrial Resources. Foreign and Colonial Compiling and Publishing Company. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  11. Sarat Chandra Roy (Rai Bahadur (1981). Man in India. A.K. Bose. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-04-22.
  12.[dead link]