Meitei mythology

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"Meitei mythology", also known as "Manipuri mythology" or "Kanglei mythology", is the body of traditional stories, pertaining to Ancient Manipur's legendary origins and religious systems, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Manipuri ethnicity.[1][2][3][4]

The tableau of Manipur, depicting the mythical creatures from Meitei mythology, in the Republic Day Parade of India, in New Delhi

Meitei mythology may also mean the modern analysis of these representations, and to the subject matter, as represented in the literature and art of the culture of the Meitei people.[3] The Meiteis usually treated their traditional narratives as historical, even when these have mythical or miraculous or supernatural elements.[1][2]

Sources[change | change source]

Meitei mythology is known mainly from the Meitei literature from ancient times. It predominantly relies on the literary sources and some archaeological sources.

Literary sources[change | change source]

Mythical narration plays an integral role in nearly every genre of Meitei literature. Some of the best known literary sources are:

Ancient texts Description
Khongjomnubi Nongarol Legends of the Pleiades
Konthoujam Nongarol Legends of Konthoujam Tampha Lairembi
Leishemlon Creation myth
Leithak Leikharol Creation myth
Panthoibi Khongul Legends of Panthoibi
Phouoibi Waron Legends of Phouoibi
Poireiton Khunthok Legend of the human civilization on earth led by Poireiton and Leinaotabi from the underworld.
Sakok Lamlen Creation myth

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Goswami, Madhab Chandra (6 June 1980). "Eastern Himalayas: A Study on Anthropology and Tribalism". Cosmo. Archived from the original on 6 June 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021 – via Google Books.
  2. 2.0 2.1 India), Asiatic Society (Kolkata (6 June 1950). "Journal of the Asiatic Society". Asiatic Society. Archived from the original on 6 June 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021 – via Google Books.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Barua, Lalit Kumar (6 June 1999). "Oral Tradition and Folk Heritage of North East India". Spectrum Publications. Archived from the original on 6 June 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021 – via Google Books.
  4. Parratt, Saroj Nalini (6 June 1980). "The Religion of Manipur: Beliefs, Rituals, and Historical Development". Firma KLM. Archived from the original on 6 June 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021 – via Google Books.