Messerschmitt Bf 110

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Messerschmitt Bf 110
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-360-2095-23, Flugzeuge Messerschmitt Me 110.jpg
night fighter squadron in flight, 21 June 1942
Role Fighter aircraft
Manufacturer Messerschmitt
First flight 12 May 1936
Introduction 1937.
Retired 1945 (Luftwaffe)
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built Estimated 6,170[a]

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 is a twin-engine fighter aircraft. It used two Daimler-Benz DB 600 engines.[1] It was designed as a long-range 3-seat escort fighter in 1935.[2] The first prototype flew on May 12, 1936.[1] The plane was used by the German Luftwaffe in the World War II. In Germany it was called Zerstörer (the destroyer). Early in the war Germany had great success with the plane until they attacked Great Britain. In the Battle of Britain the Bf 110C was no match for Britain's Supermarine Spitfire and Hawker Hurricane fighters.[1] The planes designed as escorts (to bombers) had to be escorted themselves.[2] They were slow in turns which was a major flaw in the design.[3] The Hurricane's could out-turn them and the Spitfires could out-run them. After very heavy losses they were withdrawn from the battle. The Bf 110s were reassigned to other duties. One role they were well suited for was as night fighters.[3] Major Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, Germany's top night fighter ace, claimed 121 victories flying a Bf 110.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Messerschmitt Bf 110". The Aviation History Online Museum. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Battle of Britain 1940 - Aircraft of the Luftwaffe". Battle of Britain Historical Society. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Luftwaffe Fighter-Bombers and Destroyers". Asisbiz. Archived from the original on 8 August 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.