Meurthe-et-Moselle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Meurthe-et-Moselle
Department
Prefecture]building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Coat of arms of Meurthe-et-Moselle
Coat of arms
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167
Country France
Region Grand Est
Département 7 September 1871
Prefecture Nancy
Subprefectures Briey, Lunéville, Toul
Government[1]
 • President of the Departmental Council Mathieu Klein
Area[2]
 • Total 5,245.9 km2 (2,025.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 731,004
 • Density 139.3477/km2 (360.909/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-54
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 23
Communes 594
Website Meurthe-et-Moselle Council

Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers. The prefecture (capital) of Meurthe-et-Moselle is Nancy.

History[change | change source]

Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe that were left to France with Nancy as is capital. It was divided in 4 arrondissements: Briey, Lunéville, Toul and Nancy.[3]

The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Toul were eliminated but it was made again, in 1943, an arrondissement.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The Meurthe-et-Moselle department is in the Grand Est region. It is bordered by 4 departments, all in the same region. To the northwest, the department borders Belgium and Luxembourg.

Meurthe-et-Moselle has an area of 5,245.9 km2 (2,025 sq mi);[2] it is 130 km (81 mi) from north to south and is 7 to 103 km (4.3 to 64.0 mi) wide, forming a panhandle in the north of the department.

Its highest point is in the Roc de Taurupt (48°30′32″N 07°02′44″E / 48.50889°N 7.04556°E / 48.50889; 7.04556 (Roc de Taurupt)) between the communes Bionville and Raon-sur-Plaine (Vosges) in the western part of the department; it is 731 m (2,398 ft) high.[4].

The main rivers in the department are the Meurthe and the Moselle; the department is named after this two rivers. Other rivers are the Chiers (tributary of the Meuse) and the Vezouze (a tributary of the Meurthe).

Climate[change | change source]

The area around Nancy, at an altitude of about 217 m (712 ft), is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Troyes is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Nancy is 746.8 mm (29.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 50.8 mm (2.0 in).

The average temperature for the year in Nancy is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F)

Climate data for Nancy, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(55)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
20
(68)
13
(55)
7
(45)
5
(41)
13.4
(56.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
2
(36)
6
(43)
8
(46)
13
(55)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
3
(37)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
--- -1
(30)
1
(34)
3
(37)
7
(45)
11
(52)
13
(55)
12
(54)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
---
Rainfall mm (inches) 50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
690
(27.17)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Meurthe-et-Moselle is managed by the General Council of Meurthe-et-Moselle in Nancy. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 594 communes (municipalities) in Meurthe-et-Moselle.

Arrondissements of Meurthe-et-Moselle
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area[6]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
541 Briey Briey 164,589 1,142.7 144.0 130
542 Lunéville Lunéville 79,567 1,450.7 54.8 164
543 Nancy Nancy 417,430 1,509.4 276.6 188
544 Toul Toul 69,418 1,143.0 60.7 112

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Baccarat
  2. Entre Seille et Meurthe
  3. Grand Couronné
  4. Jarny
  5. Jarville-la-Malgrange
  6. Laxou
  7. Longwy
  8. Lunéville-1
  9. Lunéville-2
  10. Meine au Saintois
  11. Mont-Saint-Martin
  12. Nancy-1
  13. Nancy-2
  14. Nancy-3
  15. Neuves-Maisons
  16. Le Nord-Toulois
  17. Pays de Briey
  18. Pont-à-Mousson
  19. Saint-Max
  20. Toul
  21. Val de Lorraine Sud
  22. Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy
  23. Villerupt

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department are known, in French, as Meurthois or Meurthe-et-Mosellans (women: Meurthoises or Meurthe-et-Mosellanes),[8]

Meurthe-et-Moselle had a population, in 2013, of 731,004,[2] for a population density of 139.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nancy, with 417,430 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Meurthe-et-Moselle

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Nancy 104,072 Nancy
Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy 29,836 Nancy
Lunéville 19,516 Lunéville
Toul 16,128 Toul
Pont-à-Mousson 14,792 Nancy
Laxou 14,681 Nancy
Villers-lès-Nancy 14,133 Nancy
Longwy 14,092 Briey
Dombasle-sur-Meurthe 9,953 Nancy
Maxéville 9,796 Nancy

Economy[change | change source]

The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime mines. The urban area around Nancy has a very active economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le président" (in French). Conseil départamental de Meurthe-et-Moselle. http://www.meurthe-et-moselle.fr/fr/conseil-departemental/le-conseil-departemental/le-president.html. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département de Meurthe-et-Moselle (54)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-54. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique de Meurthe-et-Moselle" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/54his.html. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  4. "Roc de Taurupt, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9620. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  5. "Nancy, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8170&cityname=Nancy%2C+Lorraine%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Département de Meurthe-et-Moselle (54) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-54+ARR-541+ARR-542+ARR-543+ARR-544. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-261 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de Meurthe-et-Moselle" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028664452. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  8. "Habitants du départment: Meurthe-et-Moselle" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/meurthe-et-moselle-54. Retrieved 19 December 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]