Midi-Pyrénées

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Midi-Pyrénées
Region of France
Flag of Midi-Pyrénées
Flag
Coat of arms of Midi-Pyrénées
Coat of arms
Midi-Pyrénées in France.svg
Country  France
Prefecture Toulouse
Departments
Government
 • President Martin Malvy (PS)
Area
 • Total 45,348 km2 (17,509 sq mi)
Population (2012-01-01)
 • Total 2,926,592
 • Density 64.5363/km2 (167.1482/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-N
GDP (2012)[1] Ranked 8th
Total €79.9 billion (US$102.7 bn)
Per capita €27,198 (US$34,982)
NUTS Region FR6
Website Midi-Pyrenees Region

Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Occitanie. It is part of the historical region of Occitania.

The name of the region is not based on any old name, like in most other regions, but on the geography of the region, Midi (meaning "southern France") - Pyrénées (Pyrenees mountains that are the highest mountains in the region). The French adjective and name of the people living in the region is Midi-Pyrénéen.

The departments in the region were Ariège, Aveyron, Haute-Garonne, Gers, Lot, Hautes-Pyrénées, Tarn, and Tarn-et-Garonne. Its capital was Toulouse.

Geography[change | change source]

The Midi-Pyrénées region is the largest region of Metropolitan France. It had an area of 45,348 km2 (17,509 sq mi).[2] It bordered to the south with Spain and Andorra. It also bordered four French regions: Aquitaine to the west, Limousin to the north, Auvergne to the northeast and Languedoc-Roussillon to the east.

The region can be divided into three landscape zones:

The Pic Vignemale (42°46′26″N 0°8′51″E / 42.77389°N 0.14750°E / 42.77389; 0.14750 (Vignemale)), at 3,299 m (10,823 ft), is the highest point of the Midi-Pyrénées region; it is on the border with Spain.[3] The Vignemale is in the Pyrénées National Park.

The main rivers of the region are the Garonne river, that flows through the Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées and Tarn-et-Garonne departments;[4] and the Adour river, that flows through the Hautes-Pyrénées and Gers departments.[5]

Departments[change | change source]

The Midi-Pyrénées region was formed by eight departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2012)[6]
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Ariège Foix FR-09 152,366   4,890 31.2
Aveyron Rodez FR-12 276,229 8,735 31.6
Haute-Garonne Toulouse FR-31 1,279,349 6,309 202.8
Gers Auch FR-32 189,530 6,257 30.3
Lot Cahors FR-46 174,346 5,217 33.4
Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes FR-65 228,854 4,464 51.3
Tarn Albi FR-81 378,947 5,758 65.8
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban FR-82 246,971 3,718 66.4

Demographics[change | change source]

In 2012, The Midi-Pyrénées region had a population of 2,926,592.[7] Its population density was 64.5 inhabitants/km2.

Le Capitole, Toulouse

The 10 most important cities in the region were:

City Population
(2012)[6]
Départment
Toulouse 453,317 Haute-Garonne
Montauban 56,887 Tarn-et-Garonne
Albi 49,231 Tarn
Tarbes 41,664 Hautes-Pyrénées
Castres 41,529 Tarn
Colomiers 36,699 Haute-Garonne
Tournefeuille 26,342 Haute-Garonne
Muret 24,492 Haute-Garonne
Rodez 23,744 Aveyron
Blagnac 22,983 Haute-Garonne

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012". Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  2. "Grands repères" (in French). Région Midi-Pyrénées. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  3. "Pic Vignemale, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  4. "La Garonne (O---0000))" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  5. "L'Adour (Q---0000)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named insee.

Other websites[change | change source]