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Coordinates: 43°36′16″N 1°26′38″W / 43.60444°N 1.44389°W / 43.60444; -1.44389
Flag of Midi-Pyrénées.svg
Blason Languedoc.svg
Country  France
Préfecture Toulouse
 - coordinates 43°36′16″N 1°26′38″W / 43.60444°N 1.44389°W / 43.60444; -1.44389
Area 45,348 km² (17,509 sq mi)
Population 2,946,507 (2013) [1]
Density 65 /km² (168 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 8 departments
12 cantons
154 communes
President Martin Malvy
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Location of Midi-Pyrénées (in red)
Location of Midi-Pyrénées (in red)
Website: Midi-Pyrenees Region

Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus) is a region in the south of France. With over 45,000 square kilometers, it is the largest region of mainland France (the largest of all French regions is French Guiana), and it is part of the historical region of Occitania.

The French adjective and name of the inhabitants of the region is: Midi-Pyrénéen.

The departments in the region are Ariège, Aveyron, Haute-Garonne, Gers, Lot, Hautes-Pyrénées, Tarn, and Tarn-et-Garonne. Its capital is Toulouse.

Geography[change | edit source]

The Midi-Pyrénées region is the largest region of Metropolitan France with an area of 45,348 km2 (17,509 sq mi). It borders to the south with Spain and Andorra; it also borders four French regions: Aquitaine to the west, Limousin to the north, Auvergne to the northeast and Languedoc-Roussillon to the east.

The region can be divided into three landscape zones:

  • The south is dominated by the high mountains of the Pyrenees.
  • The north-east and the north are part of the highlands of the Massif Central
  • The central and north-western parts of the region, however, are flat. This zone is dominated by the the Garonne river and its tributaries, which drains most of the region to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Pic Vignemale (42°46′26″N 0°8′51″E / 42.77389°N 0.1475°E / 42.77389; 0.1475 (Vignemale)), at 3,299 m (10,823 ft), is the highest point of the Midi-Pyrénées region; it is on the border with Spain.[2] The Vignemale is in the Pyrénées National Park.

The main rivers of the region are the Garonne river, that flows through the Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées and Tarn-et-Garonne departments;[3] and the Adour river, that flows through the Hautes-Pyrénées and Gers departments.[4]

Departments[change | edit source]

The Midi-Pyrénées region is formed by eight departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
Ariège Foix FR-09 152,286   4,890 31.1
Aveyron Rodez FR-12 275,813 8,735 31.6
Haute-Garonne Toulouse FR-31 1,260,226 6,309 199.8
Gers Auch FR-32 188,893 6,257 30.2
Lot Cahors FR-46 174,754 5,217 33.5
Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes FR-65 229,228 4,464 51.4
Tarn Albi FR-81 377,675 5,758 65.6
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban FR-82 244,545 3,718 101.6

Demographics[change | edit source]

The Midi-Pyrénées region has a population, in 2013, of 2,946,507,[1] for a population density of 65.0 inhabitants/km2.

Le Capitole, Toulouse

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

City Population
Toulouse 447340 Haute-Garonne
Montauban 56,536 Tarn-et-Garonne
Albi 49,179 Tarn
Tarbes 42,888 Hautes-Pyrénées
Castres 42,222 Tarn
Colomiers 35,784 Haute-Garonne
Muret 24,085 Haute-Garonne
Rodez 23,794 Aveyron
Blagnac 22,217 Haute-Garonne

Gallery[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Évolution de la population totale au 1er janvier 2013" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=7&ref_id=poptc02101. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  2. "Pic Vignemale, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9774. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. "La Garonne (O---0000))" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=O---0000. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  4. "L'Adour (Q---0000)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=Q---0000. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 14 April 2014.

Other websites[change | edit source]