Midway International Airport

Coordinates: 41°47′10″N 87°45′09″W / 41.78611°N 87.75250°W / 41.78611; -87.75250
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chicago Midway International Airport
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Chicago
OperatorChicago Department of Aviation
LocationChicago, Illinois, U.S.
OpenedDecember 1927 (96 years ago) (1927-12)[1]
Focus city forSouthwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL620 ft / 189 m
Coordinates41°47′10″N 87°45′09″W / 41.78611°N 87.75250°W / 41.78611; -87.75250
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
MDW is located in Chicago metropolitan area
Location of airport in Chicago
MDW is located in Illinois
MDW (Illinois)
MDW is located in the United States
MDW (the United States)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 5,507 1,679 Asphalt
4R/22L 6,445 1,964 Asphalt/Concrete
13C/31C 6,522 1,988 Concrete
13L/31R 5,141 1,567 Asphalt
13R/31L 3,859 1,176 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft operations243,322
Passenger volume22,027,737
Cargo tonnage22,396.3
Source: FAA[2] and airport website[3]

Midway International Airport (airport code KMDW) is a secondary airport serving the city of Chicago, Illinois. It was the largest airport in Chicago before O'Hare International Airport was built. It is on the South Side of Chicago in Garfield Ridge and in Clearing.

History[change | change source]

Originally named Chicago Air Park,[4] Midway Airport was built on a 320-acre (1.3 km2) plot in 1923 with one cinder runway that primarily served airmail services. In 1926 the city leased the airport for commercial purposes. The airport was designated as Chicago Municipal Airport on December 12, 1927.[1] By 1928 the airport had twelve hangars and four runways, lit for night operations.[5][6]

In 1931 a new passenger terminal opened at 62nd St;[5] the following year the airport claimed to be the "World's Busiest" with over 100,846 passengers on 60,947 flights.[7] The March 1939 OAG shows 47 weekday departures: 13 on United, 13 American, 9 TWA, 4 Northwest and two each on Eastern, Braniff, Pennsylvania Central and C&S.[8] New York's airport (Newark, then LaGuardia by the end of 1939) was then the busiest airline airport in the United States, but Midway passed LaGuardia in 1948 and kept the title until 1960.[5]

More construction was funded in part by $1 million from the Works Progress Administration; the airport expanded to fill the square mile in 1938–41 after a court ordered the Chicago and Western Indiana Railroad to reroute tracks that had crossed the square along the north edge of the older field.[5]

The Southwest airplane that crashed in December 2005.

Accidents and incidents[change | change source]

On June 30, 1956, United Airlines Flight 718, a Douglas DC-7, was headed for Midway Airport. Over the Grand Canyon, it collided with a TWA Super Constellation, killing all 128 people on both planes. This became the impetus for the modern air traffic control system.

On December 8, 1972, United Airlines Flight 553, a Boeing 737-200, crashed into a residential area outside Midway during landing. The crash killed 43 of the 61 people on board and two people on the ground.

Exactly 33 years later, on December 8, 2005, Southwest Airlines Flight 1248, a Boeing 737-700 inbound from Baltimore-Washington International Airport in Baltimore, Maryland, slid off the runway while attempting to land at the airport in a heavy snow storm.[9] The airplane broke through the barrier fence of the airport and came to rest at the intersection of 55th Street and Central Avenue bordering the airport at its northwest corner.[9] A 6-year-old boy was killed as a passenger in a vehicle that was struck by the plane after it skidded into the street.[9]

Exactly 14 years later, on December 8, 2019, rapper Juice Wrld died after suffering a seizure at the airport.[10]

Airlines[change | change source]

The following airlines use Chicago Midway International Airport:[11]

Inside Midway Airport's terminal

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Midway Airport". Encyclopedia of Chicago.
  2. FAA Airport Master Record for MDW (Form 5010 PDF). effective October 17, 2013.
  3. "Air Traffic Data". Chicago Department of Aviation. December 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  4. "Chicago Transportation: Chicago Midway Airport". USA Today. May 12, 2007. Archived from the original on January 2, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "A History of Midway Airport". The Tracon.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  6. "Chicago Airport System Airport Statistics". Chicago Airport System. December 1, 2007. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  7. "Midway Airport Visitors Guide (History Section)" (PDF). FlyChicago.com. May 12, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2008.
  8. Official Aviation Guide, Chicago IL: Official Aviation Guide Company, 1939
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Boy dies as jet skids off runway". BBC News. December 9, 2005. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  10. "Juice Wrld Dead at 28 After Seizure in Chicago's Midway Airport". TMZ. Retrieved 2019-12-08.
  11. "Chicago Department of Aviation". Archived from the original on 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2010-11-27.

Other websites[change | change source]