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Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē) are the art of organizing an army and the techniques for using weapons or military units to fight an enemy in battle. Tactics are distinct from strategy, which concerns a longer time scale. They have changed over time, mainly because of changes in military technology.
Tactics are methods to use military forces in combat and include basically many types of the military operations such as frontal assaults, attempts to flank the enemy, the keeping of troops in reserve, and the use of ambushes. Specialized tactics exist for many situations, such as securing a room or individual building, to large-scale operations, such as establishing air superiority over a region or the use of shock tactics.
Military tactics are used at all levels of command, from individual and group up to entire armed forces. The military theorist Carl von Clausewitz said "tactics is the art of using troops in battle; strategy is the art of using battles to win the war."
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Balck, W. 1914. Tactics. Vols 2. Trans. W. Krueger. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: U.S. Cavelry Association.
- Clausewitz, C. von. 1976. On War. ed and trans. M. Howard and P. Paret. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univ. Press.
- Creasy, E. 1963. Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World. London: Dent and Sons.
- Esposito, V., ed. 1959. The West Point Atlas of American Wars.New York: Praeger.
- Gerhard Muhm : La Tattica nella campagna d’Italia, in LINEA GOTICA AVAMPOSTO DEI BALCANI, (Hrsg.) Amedeo Montemaggi - Edizioni Civitas, Roma 1993
- Jomini, A.-H. 1862. The Summary of the Art of War. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
- Muhm, Gerhard. "German Tactics in the Italian Campaign". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- U.S. Department of the Army. 1986. U.S. Army Field Manual 100-5: Operations. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
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