Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) are the techniques for using weapons or military units to fight an enemy in battle. It is distinct from strategy which concerns a longer time scale. Tactics have changed over time, mainly because of changes in military technology.
Tactics is the method to use military forces in combat. Tactics basically include many types of the military operations such as frontal assaults, attempts to flank the enemy, keeping troops in reserve and the use of ambushes. Specialized tactics exist for many situations, ranging from securing a room or individual building, to large-scale operations such as establishing air superiority over a region or the use of Shock tactics. Military tactics are employed at all levels of command, from individual and group up to entire armed forces. Military theorist Carl von Clausewitz said "tactics is the art of using troops in battle; strategy is the art of using battles to win the war."
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Balck, W. 1914. Tactics. Vols 2. Trans. W. Krueger. Fort Leavenworth, Kan.: U.S. Cavelry Association.
- Clausewitz, C. von. 1976. On War. ed and trans. M. Howard and P. Paret. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univ. Press.
- Creasy, E. 1963. Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World. London: Dent and Sons.
- Esposito, V., ed. 1959. The West Point Atlas of American Wars.New York: Praeger.
- Gerhard Muhm : La Tattica nella campagna d’Italia, in LINEA GOTICA AVAMPOSTO DEI BALCANI, (Hrsg.) Amedeo Montemaggi - Edizioni Civitas, Roma 1993
- Jomini, A.-H. 1862. The Summary of the Art of War. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
- Muhm, Gerhard. "German Tactics in the Italian Campaign".
- U.S. Department of the Army. 1986. U.S. Army Field Manual 100-5: Operations. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
References[change | change source]
- Michiko Phifer, A Handbook of Military Strategy and Tactics (New Delhi: Vij Books India Private Limited, 2012), p. 1