Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir

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Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug and Cat Noir
Also known as
  • Miraculous
  • Miraculous Ladybug
  • Ladybug
Created byThomas Astruc
Developed byJeremy Zag
Written byThomas Astruc
Sébastien Thibaudeau
Directed by
  • Thomas Astruc
  • Christelle Abgrall (Season 2)[4]
  • Jeremy Paoletti (Season 2)
  • Benoît Boucher (Seasons 2–3)
  • Wilifried Pain (Seasons 2–3)[4]
  • Jun Violet (Seasons 2–3)[4]
Voices of
  • English:
  • Cristina Vee
  • Bryce Papenbrook
  • Keith Silverstein
  • Mela Lee
  • Max Mittelman
  • Carrie Keranen
  • Benjamin Diskin
  • Selah Victor
  • Sabrina Weisz
  • Zeno Robinson
  • French:
  • Anouck Hautbois
  • Benjamin Bollen
  • Antoine Tomé
  • Marie Nonnenmacher
  • Thierry Kazazian
  • Fanny Bloc
  • Alexandre Nguyen
  • Marie Chevalot
  • Nathalie Homs
Theme music composerJeremy Zag & Noam Kaniel (Noam)
Lyrics: Alain Garcia
Opening themeEnglish: "It's Ladybug!" performed by Wendy Child and Cash Callaway
French: "Une Ladybug", Marily and Noam
Ending theme"Une Ladybug"/"It's Ladybug!" (instrumental)
  • Jeremy Zag
  • Noam Kaniel (Noam)
  • Alain Garcia
Country of origin
  • France
  • Italy
  • South Korea
  • Japan
Original language(s)
  • French
  • Italian
  • Korean
  • Japanese
  • English
  • Brazilian Portuguese
No. of seasons7
No. of episodes182
Executive producer(s)
  • Pascal Boutboul
  • Sébastien Thibaudeau
  • Jean-Yves Patay
  • Hiroyuki Kinoshita
  • Ryuji Kochi
  • Pierre Belletante
  • Suhoon Kim
  • Stella Noh
  • Alexandre Lippens (Season 1)
  • Jared Wolfson (Season 1)
  • Cédric Pilot (Season 1)
  • Kevin Marciano (Seasons 2–3)
  • Magali Bion (Seasons 2–3)
  • Camille Oesch (Seasons 2–3)
  • Jeremy Zag
  • Aton Soumache
Running time22 minutes
62 minutes
(TV Movies)
Production company(s)
  • Zagtoon
  • Method Animation
  • Toei Animation
  • SAMG Animation (Season 1-4 + Specials Miraculous World: New York – United Heroez and Miraculous World: Shanghai – The Legend of Ladydragon)[9]
  • AB Droits Audiovisuels
  • SK Broadband
  • PGS Entertainment[2] (Season 1)
  • De Agostini Editor S.p.A. (Seasons 2–7)
  • DQ Entertainment (Seasons 2–5)[7][9][10]
  • Assemblage Entertainment (Seasons 3–5)[7][9][10]
  • Globosat (Seasons 3–7)[8]
Original networkTF1
First shown inSouth Korea
Original release1 September 2015 (2015-09-01) –
present (present)
Other websites
Production website

Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir[13][14] (French: Miraculous, les aventures de Ladybug et Chat Noir; also known as Miraculous Ladybug[2][15][16] or Miraculous[17][18]) is a French computer animated superhero fiction series produced by studios Zagtoon and Method Animation. The studies collaborated with with De Agostini Editore S.p.A. in Italy, Toei Animation in Japan, SAMG Animation in South Korea, DQ Entertainment and Assemblage Entertainment in India, and Globosat in Brazil.[2][7][8][19] The series features two teenagers from Paris, Marinette Dupain-Cheng and Adrien Agreste, who transform into the superheroes Ladybug and Cat Noir, respectively, to protect the city from supervillains and Hawkmoth.

Before its debut in France on 19 October 2015 on TF1,[20] the series was first shown in South Korea on 1 September 2015 on EBS1.[21] In the United States, the series originally debuted on Nickelodeon on 6 December 2015. New premieres moved to Netflix on 20 December 2016, and reruns currently air on Disney Channel beginning on 8 April 2019. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the show premiered on 30 January 2016 on Disney Channel.[22]

Plot[change | change source]

Set in modern-day Paris, teenagers[23][24][a] Marinette Dupain-Cheng and Adrien Agreste[26] transform into superheroes when evil arises. Marinette transforms into her superhero persona Ladybug, while Adrien transforms into his superhero persona Cat Noir, using magical jeweled objects known as the Miraculous who are inhabited by Kwamis. Not knowing each other's true identities, the two work together to protect Paris from the mysterious villain Hawk Moth, who covets and attempts to steal their powers by using his akuma, butterflies infused with negative energy, to transform Paris' everyday citizens into supervillains, through a negative emotion that they have recently felt or are feeling.[23][27]

The first season ends with Marinette meeting Master Fu, the Guardian of the Miraculous, the man who gave Marinette and Adrien their Miraculous. The second season opens with Hawk Moth's identity being revealed as none other than Gabriel Agreste. This season also sees Marinette under Fu's tutelage, learning about the Miraculous. Circumstance requires Marinette to loan various Miraculous to friends and allies to fight some supervillains for temporary purposes. These 3 allied heroes are called back in at the season's end when Hawk Moth manages to traumatize over two dozen civilians. The heroes are victorious, but Hawk Moth manages to escape with the aid of the Peacock Miraculous holder, Mayura, Gabriel's assistant, Nathalie.

Hawk Moth continues his campaign in season three, aided by Mayura and her sentimonsters, creatures created from feathers, called Amoks. Marinette calls upon even more allies to become Miraculous heroes while her nemesis, Lila, allies herself with Gabriel, unaware of his identity as Hawk Moth. Two plot arcs include Nathalie's failing health from using a damaged Miraculous and Ladybug's refusal to give the Bee Miraculous to Chloe, leading her to betray and turn against Ladybug and join Hawk Moth.

Hawk moth later fixes the peacock miraculous and fuses it with the butterfly miraculous to become Shadow Moth.

Production[change | change source]

Conception and creation[change | change source]

The series is based on an original concept created by French animator Thomas Astruc,[28] who was inspired by a meeting with a certain lady, Japanese anime, and "decades of comics binge reading".[29] In an interview with Nolife, Astruc said he was working as an animator on the show W.I.T.C.H. when he met a woman wearing a T-shirt with a ladybug on it. They began to share drawings, some of which were ladybug-themed. Astruc also noted that Marinette's hair was styled after the woman. They also worked on the cartoon A.T.O.M. around 2004–05. Astruc first drew Ladybug on sticky notes and remarked about how strong the Ladybug character was, and had a couple memories of seeing ladybug-themed superheroes in comics.[30]

Astruc had intended to make Ladybug a comic book series until he met Jeremy Zag, who loved the project and wanted to produce it as a cartoon; Zag was 25 at the time and not originally from the cartoon industry.[30]

In developing Cat Noir, Astruc said that ladybugs represented good luck, so it was natural to partner her with a black cat character with bad luck powers. Cat Noir was a tribute to comics characters like Catwoman, so it was like having Catwoman and Spider-Man in the same show but reversed genders.[30]

A character named Félix was originally going to have the role of Cat Noir,[31] but he was later scrapped in favor of Adrien Agreste because the creative team felt that Félix was a cliché of a male anime protagonist, and that Adrien would allow them to tell more interesting stories.[32][33] In September 2015, Astruc indicated that he was open to revisiting the character of Félix,[34] but he abandoned it by February 2016, writing that the character was a poor idea.[35] Years later, in 2019, Félix was re-made as Adrien's cousin and was renamed Félix Graham de Vanily..

Themes, writing and process[change | change source]

The concept for the show originally dealt with political themes, geared towards teens and young adults. However, after failing to gain traction with networks, it was retooled for a younger target audience.[36]:40 Astruc said that he is delighted that the show is able to reach younger and older people.[30]

Each episode takes around 3 months to write, from scratch to final validation of broadcasters.[37] Assistant director Wilfried Pain said that each episode is composed of two parts: a sitcom aspect where the characters have to speak for themselves, and an action element where the camera is always moving.[30]

The music was done by Noam Kaniel (Noam), who had also worked on action superhero shows such as X-Men, Code Lyoko, W.I.T.C.H., Fantastic Four, Power Rangers, Digimon Fusion, and Glitter Force.[38][39] The theme song was written by Kaniel and Zag. The English lyrics were done by Alain Garcia and performed by Wendy Child and Cash Callaway.[40] The French version was performed by Marily and Noam.[41]

Reception[change | change source]

Critical reception[change | change source]

Kimberly Cooper, a blog writer who has contributed to news media such as The Huffington Post,[42] wrote that the show has inspired teens and adults to create and propagate Miraculous remixes, and liked that the show featured multiracial characters as with the film Big Hero 6 which had won an Oscar. She "quickly realized there was a far cooler and broader Miraculous movement underway".[43] Caitlin Donovan of entertainment website Epicstream listed it as one of her top 10 animated series of 2015. She wrote that "The characters are so charming that the tropey aspects of the show are merely a lot of fun, rather than irritating." with creative fights and good CGI animation. She wrote that "Marinette is an adorable lead who is genuinely awkward as a civilian, but confident as a superhero, which makes for an interesting contrast."[44] Ella Anders of BSCKids wrote that the show stands out because of "how it meshes both the magical girl and superhero genera together".[45] Robert Lloyd of the Los Angeles Times described the show as "clever, romantic, fun, the way some of us prefer our superhero stories". He found the characters to "have the look of extruded plastic common to CGI cartoons", but "within these limits the design is lovely and the animation elegant, and a lot of work has gone into the staging and execution of the action scenes".[1]

The North American Precis Syndicate called the show "authentic and aspirational – a story of today's modern everygirl superhero who comes to life. The series, about a young girl who taps into her superhero powers and innocent optimism to save Paris from the evil Hawk Moth, will no doubt inspire today's youth to try to save the day, each and every day in their own way".[46] Andrea Reiher of Zap2It wrote that the "storylines are rich with family, friends, adventure, intrigue, villains, creativity and more, delivering themes that are relatable and relevant to kids and preteens" and anticipated it would be a huge hit on Nickelodeon.[47]

Several media reviewers have anticipated Miraculous-brand toys to be among the hot superheroine properties for 2016.[48][49] Zag has partnered with Bandai to release Miraculous-based toys, as well as deals to make Miraculous-brand clothing and other merchandise.[2][38]

Awards and nominations[change | change source]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2016 Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[50] Best National Toy of 2016 Miraculous Won
Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
Ri Happy Awards[50] Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
Latam Expo Licencing Awards[50] Best Brand of 2016 Miraculous Won
2017 Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[50] Best National Toy 2017 Miraculous Won
Licencias de Actualidad[50] Best License of the Year Miraculous Won
Best Entertainment License Miraculous Won
Best Promotion Tosta Rica Ladybug Won
2017 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards[51] Best Animated Main Character of 2017 Marinette Dupain-Cheng Nominated
Best Visuals for an Animated Show of 2017 Miraculous Ladybug Nominated
2018 Teen Choice Awards[50][52] Choice Animated TV Show Miraculous Won
The UK Licensing Awards 2018[50] Best Children's or Tween Licensed Property Miraculous Nominated
Best Licensed Children's Apparel Range Miraculous Nightwear for Character.com from Aykroyd and Sons Nominated
Brazilian Toy Magazine Awards[50] Best National Toy 2018 Miraculous Won
Bologna Licensing Trade Fair[50] Best Property Kids Miraculous Won
2018 OVA-ies TV Animation Awards[53] Best Animation Main Character of 2018 Marinette Dupain-Cheng Won
Best Animation Supporting Character of 2018 Hawk Moth Nominated
2019 Bologna Licensing Trade Fair[50] Special Award Fashion Kids with Miraculous by Guess Miraculous Won
The 2019 Tell-Tale TV Awards[54] Favorite Animated TV Series Miraculous Won

Other media[change | change source]

An endless runner video game was developed by TabTale and released in April 2018 as a mobile app.[55][56] In April 2019 was announced new mobile game[57] and in May 2019 it was presented by Jeremy Zag.[58]

An animated musical film, titled Ladybug & Cat Noir Awakening, is in development and slated for release in 2021. A live-action television series is also in the works.[59][60]

Note[change | change source]

  1. "Le Pharaon". Miraculous: Les Aventures de Ladybug et Chat Noir. Season 1. Episode 3 (in French). 8 March 2016. Event occurs at 00:48. TF1. (Alya, after picking up Ladybug's history book) Ladybug dropped a book! It's a (French: classe de troisième, equivalent of ninth grade) history book; I'm in a good position to know! I have the exact same one at home! Could our favorite masked vigilante be a (French: collégienne, equivalent of middle school) in real life? In the English version "The Pharaoh", Alya says that it's a tenth-grade history book, and suspects that Ladybug could be a high schooler, conflicting with the French version. As Astruc has stated that the show's canon language is French,[25] the article will use ninth grade.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lloyd, Robert (27 August 2016). "'Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir,' a French turn on teenage superheroes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Miraculous". PGS Entertainment. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  3. Collins, Elle (3 December 2015). "Teen French Heroes Ladybug & Circle boi Arrive on Nickelodeon". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016. The influence of the Magical Girl genre is inescapable; when Marinette's mother is captured in a bubble and carried off into the sky, apparently along with every adult in Paris, Marinette transforms into the red and black Ladybug in a series of twirls and poses. She even has the guidance of some kind of talking ladybug creature, fulfilling another Magical Girl trope.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Astruc, Thomas [@Thomas_Astruc] (3 May 2016). "Delighted to announce: @WinnyGZ @happyhappykuri & Jun Violet will now direct the show with me. Plz greet'em warmly!" (Tweet). Retrieved 26 June 2016 – via Twitter.
  5. "ZAG Signs Pez and Funko for Collectibles for Miraculous". 30 January 2018.
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  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Winny (2019-09-11). "Desperada was made by DQ and Reflecta by Assemblage (new studio, it was a first)". @Winny_BayDay. Retrieved 2019-09-11.
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  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 vacaciones 🎅), Miraculous Mexico (de (2020-01-10). "Digo, ya que salio el peine, confirmo que el estudio SAMG ya no animara en la S4. La animacion de S4 y S5 (hasta ahora) estara a cargo de DQ y Assemblage (que animaron Reflekdoll) u otro estudio, si asi lo deciden.

    RIP animacion bonita u.uht tps: / /twitter.com/fenarinarsa/status/1215604301357309953 …"
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  10. 10.0 10.1 Christmas! 🎄, 🎄Feri (2020-01-11). "It was revealed korean studio SAMG wont be animating on S4 and S5 of Miraculous. SAMG was the studio with the best, most beautiful animation, which means that now that theyre gone, the future seasons will be animated by least experiences studios like DQ". @Ferisae_. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
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  21. "Archived copy" 글로벌 공동제작 애니메이션 '레이디버그' EBS 세계 최초 방송 (9월1일 오후 7시) [EBS to be the First in the World to Broadcast Ladybug, a Multinational Animated Co-Production (from 1 September at 7 pm)] (Press release) (in Korean). Educational Broadcasting System. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2016.{{cite press release}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  33. "Countdown to Miraculous Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir Is On". bsckids.com. 5 December 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
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  35. Thomas Astruc [@Thomas_Astruc] (14 February 2016). "@AbbysMaxine No matter what Félix's lovers think, this character was a poor idea. He's yours to fanfic with. I won't waste my time on him" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via Twitter.
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  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.9 "Jeremy Zag on Instagram: "Thanks to your love!!!!! 😍 #zagheroez #miraculousladybug"". Instagram. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
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Other websites[change | change source]