Subprefecture and commune
|Coordinates: 43°31′N 0°24′E / 43.52°N 0.4°ECoordinates: 43°31′N 0°24′E / 43.52°N 0.4°E|
|Intercommunality||Cœur d'Astarac en Gascogne|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Pierre Beaudran|
|23.42 km2 (9.04 sq mi)|
|• Density||150/km2 (390/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||139–268 m (456–879 ft) |
(avg. 170 m or 560 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Mirande (Occitan: Miranda) is a commune in the Gers department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the Occitanie region, southwestern France. It is the administrative center of the arrondissement of Mirande and of the canton of Mirande-Astarac.
History[change | change source]
Mirande was founded in 1281 near the village of Saint-Jean de Lezian by the abbot Berdoues and by Bernhard IV, Count of Astarac. The town was built as a bastide (a fortified town). Miranda became, in 1297, the capital of the County of Astarac.
Mirande was surrounded by a wall with four city gates; the wall was destroyed during the 19th century.
Since 17 February 1800, Mirande is the capital of the arrondissement of Mirande.
Geography[change | change source]
Mirande is a commune found along the Baïse river in the Astarac, a natural region that is part of Gascony.
The commune has an area of 23.42 km2 (9.04 sq mi) and its average altitude is 170 m (560 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 163 m (535 ft).
Mirande is at 20 km (12 mi) from Auch, 100 km (62 mi) from Toulouse, 45 km (28 mi) from Tarbes and 80 km (50 mi) from Lourdes.
Mirande is surrounded by the following communes, all of them part of the arrondissement of Mirande: Estipouy and Mouchès to the north, Miramont-d'Astarac to the northeast, Idrac-Respaillès to the east, Saint-Médard to the southeast, Berdoues to the south, Saint-Martin and Monclar-sur-Losse to the west and Montesquiou to the northwest.
Climate[change | change source]
The climate of Mirande, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.
Population[change | change source]
The inhabitants of Mirande are known, in French, as Mirandais (women: Mirandaises).
With a population of 3,527 (2014), Mirande has a population density of 151 inhabitants/km2.
Evolution of the population in Mirande
Gallery[change | change source]
Sister cities[change | change source]
Mirande is twinned with:
- Korntal-Münchingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
- L'Eliana, Valencia, Spain
- San Mauro Torinese, Piedmont, Italy
- Tubize, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "The foundation of Mirande". Mirande, Office of Tourism. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- ↑ "Mirande". Map-France.com. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- ↑ "Ville de Mirande". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- ↑ "Mirande (32300)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- ↑ "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- ↑ "Mirande est jumelée avec ..." Ville de Mirande. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
Other websites[change | change source]
- City Council website (in French)
- Office de Tourisme - Miranda