|Ojibwe: Misi-ziibi, Dakota: Mníšošethąka, Myaamia: Mihsi-siipiiwi, Cheyenne: Ma'xeé'ometāā'e, Kiowa: Xósáu, Arapaho: Beesniicie, Pawnee: Kickaátit|
Mississippi River near Fire Point in Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa
|Name origin: Ojibwe word misi-ziibi, meaning "Great River", or gichi-ziibi, meaning "Big River"|
|Nickname: "Old Man River," "Father of Waters"|
|States||Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana|
|- left||St. Croix River, Wisconsin River, Rock River, Illinois River, Kaskaskia River, Ohio River|
|- right||Minnesota River, Des Moines River, Missouri River, White River, Arkansas River|
|Cities||Saint Cloud, MN, Minneapolis, MN, St. Paul, MN, La Crosse, WI, Quad Cities, IA/IL, St. Louis, MO, Memphis, TN, Baton Rouge, LA, New Orleans, LA|
|- location||Itasca State Park, Clearwater County, MN|
|- elevation||1,475 ft (450 m)|
|Mouth||Gulf of Mexico|
|- location||Pilottown, Plaquemines Parish, LA|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Length||2,320 mi (3,734 km)|
|Basin||1,151,000 sq mi (2,981,076 km²)|
|Discharge||for mouth; max and min at Baton Rouge, LA|
|- average||593,000 cu ft/s (16,792 m³/s) |
|- max||3,065,000 cu ft/s (86,791 m³/s)|
|- min||159,000 cu ft/s (4,502 m³/s)|
The Mississippi River is a river in the United States. It is one of the longest rivers in the world. Its Largest City is Memphis, Tennessee. The name "Mississippi" comes from a Native American name that means "big river." The source of the Mississippi is Lake Itasca in Minnesota, near the border with Canada. The Mississippi flows south through the middle of the United States. It flows through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Mississippi. The mouth of the Mississippi is in the state of Louisiana, south of the city of New Orleans. The Mississippi flows into the Gulf of Mexico.
At the end of the Mississippi there is a zone in the Gulf of Mexico where very few animals can survive comfortably because of the fertilizer and other chemicals that run off of farms into the river and its tributaries. The rivers then carry them into the gulf.
Transportation[change | change source]
The Mississippi has been very important for transportation in the history of the United States. In the 1800s, many steamboats traveled on the Mississippi River. St. Louis, Missouri, Memphis, Tennessee, and New Orleans were important port cities.
Tributaries[change | change source]
The Mississippi has many large tributaries, or rivers that flow into it. The watershed of the Mississippi covers much of the United States. This means that the Mississippi and its tributaries drain much of the United States.
Some important tributaries of the Mississippi are (listed from the source to the mouth of the river):
|the Minnesota River|
|the St. Croix River|
|the Wisconsin River|
|the Illinois River|
|the Missouri River|
|the Ohio River|
|the Arkansas River|
The Mississippi River in books[change | change source]
A big part of the book Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is set on the Mississippi River. Twain also wrote a book called Life on the Mississippi, which had some stories about how he used to work on a steamboat.
References[change | change source]
- decolonialatlas (January 12, 2015). "The Headwaters of the Mississippi River in Ojibwe". Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "AISRI Dictionary Database Search".
- "Myaamia Dictionary Search". Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "English – Cheyenne". Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "English – Kiowa". Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "XML File of Arapaho Place Names".
- "Southband Pawnee Dictionary".
- James L. Shaffer and John T. Tigges. The Mississippi River: Father of Waters. Chicago, Ill.: Arcadia Pub., 2000.
- The Upper Mississippi River Basin: A Portrait of the Father of Waters As Seen by the Upper Mississippi River Comprehensive Basin Study. Chicago, Ill.: Army Corps of Engineers, North Central Division, 1972.
- Heilbron, Bertha L. "Father of Waters: Four Centuries of the Mississippi". American Heritage, vol. 2, no. 1 (Autumn 1950): 40-43.
- The United States Geological Survey recognizes two contrasting definitions of a river's source.USGS.gov By the stricter definition, the Mississippi would share its source with its longest tributary, the Missouri, at Brower's Spring in Montana. The other definition acknowledges "somewhat arbitrary decisions" and places the Mississippi's source at Lake Itasca, which is publicly accepted as the source,USGS.gov and which had been identified as such by Brower himself.MT.gov
- Kammerer, J.C. (May 1990). "Largest Rivers in the United States". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved February 22, 2011.
- Hypoxic zone-USGS