Mobility aid

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A knee scooter, a type of orthopedic aid

Mobility aids (or orthopedic aids) are devices that are designed to help people walk or move better. Mobility problems may be unsteadiness while walking, difficulty getting in and out of a chair, or falls. There are common conditions in older people that can contribute to mobility problems, such as muscle weakness, joint problems, pain, disease, and neurological difficulties.[1] These devices provide several benefits to users, including more independence, reduced pain, and increased confidence and self-esteem. A range of mobility devices is available to meet people’s needs – from canes and crutches to wheelchairs and stair lifts.[2]

Mobility aids started to develop much more around the 15th century. The oldest known use of a walking frame in England is depicted on a piece of clothing from the 14th century. It depicts either the young Virgin Mary, or Jesus, learning to walk using a three-wheeled frame. In the 15th century, Queen Elizabeth of Spain set up a hospital where soldiers were provided with prosthetic and therapeutic devices. But it was only in about the 18th century that wheelchairs were invented that look like the ones we use today. In the 19th century, wheelchairs were made mostly out of wood and wicker. They became popular in the USA, especially among veterans of the Civil War.

Types[change | change source]

There are two types of orthopedic aids. One type means people can move part of the body less. The other type means people put less weight on their feet.[3] Splints, knee braces, shoe adjustments, position aids and abduction casts are orthopedic aids.[3][4]

Using[change | change source]

Children with a disability are two times more likely than children who do not have a disability to use an orthopedic aid.[5]

Around the world[change | change source]

In Croatia, health insurance pays for orthopedic aids for people less than 18 years old, or people who got hurt while working.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "What Are Common Mobility Issues In Old Age? | SonderCare". Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  2. "Mobility aids: Types, benefits, and use". 2017-07-18. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Theodoros Theodoridis, M.D.; Jürgen Krämer (2009). Spinal Injection Techniques. Thieme. p. 20. ISBN 978-3-13-145071-5. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  4. Rudolf Bauer; Fridun Kerschbaumer; Sepp Poisel (1995). Atlas Of Hip Surgery. Thieme. p. 331. ISBN 978-0-86577-601-2. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  5. Laudan Y. Aron; Pamela Loprest; C. Eugene Steuerle (1996). Serving Children with Disabilities: A Systematic Look at the Programs. The Urban Insitute. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-87766-651-6. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. MISSCEO: Mutual Information System on Social Protection of the Council of Europe : Comparative Tables of Social Protection Systems in 14 Member States of the Council of Europe, Australia, Canada and New Zealand : Situation on 1 January 2005. Council of Europe. 2005. ISBN 978-92-871-5899-4. Retrieved 12 September 2013.