Moca, Dominican Republic

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Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Church
Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Church
Moca is located in Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 19°23′0″N 70°31′0″W / 19.383333°N 70.516667°W / 19.383333; -70.516667Coordinates: 19°23′0″N 70°31′0″W / 19.383333°N 70.516667°W / 19.383333; -70.516667
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Espaillat
Municipal Districts 8
Municipality since
 • Total 339.21 km2 (130.97 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 179,829
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban 83,518
  Including populations of its municipal districts
Demonym(s) Mocano
(female, mocana)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 20 km (12 mi) to Santiago
145 km (90 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Moca is the head municipality of the Espaillat province.

It is in the Cibao Valley, south of the Cordillera Septentrional (English: Northern mountain range), in the southern part of the province.

Geography[change | change source]

Moca has a total area of 339.21 km².[1] It has eight municipal districts (subdivisions of a municipality): Canca la Reina, El Higüerito, José Contreras, Juan López, La Ortega, Las Lagunas, Monte de la Jagua and San Víctor.[4]

The municipality is on flat land with small hills to the west and low mountains to the north; these mountains are part of the Cordillera Septentrional and its highest mountain in the municipality, and in the province, is El Mogote (970 m).[5]

The city is at 145 km to the north of Santo Domingo, on the western end of the Yuna Valley, the eastern part of the larger Cibao valley.

Moca is at an elevation of 183 m with an average temperature in the city of 25.3°C and an average rainfall of 1,174.4 mm.[2]

The municipality of Moca has the municipality of Jamao al Norte to the north, the Hermanas Mirabal province to the east, the La Vega province to the south, the Santiago province to the west and the Puerto Plata province to the northwest.

Population[change | change source]

The municipality had, in 2010, a total population of 179,829: 91,327 men and 88,502 women. The urban population was 46.44% of the total population. In this numbers are included the population of the municipal districts that are part the municipality. The population of the city of Moca without those municipal districts was 94,981.[3]

History[change | change source]

People began to live in Moca during the first years of the 18th century, when the eastern part of the Hispaniola was the Spanish colony of "Santo Domingo".

After the Haitian independence, Jean Jacques Dessalines tried to get the eastern part of the island, that had been given by Spain to France. He tried for three weeks but could not take the city of Santo Domingo and so he came back to Haiti.

Those troops that went back to north Haiti, on 3 April 1805, kill all the inhabitants of Moca, except two persons, and burned completely the town.[6]

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture and the main products are plantain, cassava, coffee and cacao.

Poultry raising, for both eggs and meat is also very important. Pigs are also raised in this municipality.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. 2.0 2.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  5. Núñez Molina, Luis N. (1972) (in Spanish). El Territorio Dominicano. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Julio D. Postigo C. por A..
  6. Moya Pons, Frank (1977) (in Spanish). Manual de Historia Dominicana. Santiago: UCMM.

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este