Modern defence

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The Modern defence
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 black pawn h6 __
a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook
End of chess board.

The Modern defence is a chess opening. It is almost the only defence which can be played against any opening move; and it may be played as an opening move itself. It consists in the immediate fianchetto of the king's bishop (KB). The first moves might be:

1.e4 g6
2.d4 Bg7

The opening is hypermodern. Black does not occupy the centre, he counter-attacks the centre built up by his opponent. He will probably play ...d6 next, then develop his K-side, then perhaps counter-attack the white centre with ...c5. The system is extremely flexible, and there are many transpositions.[1] There are players, including a few grandmasters, who play almost nothing but the Modern with white and black.[2][3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Transpositions arrive at the same position from different move orders.
  2. Keene R. & Botterill G. 2003. The modern defence. Harding Simpole.
  3. Speelman J. and McDonald N. 2000. Modern defence. Everyman
  4. Norwood D. 1994. Winning with the Modern. Batsford.