Modern defence

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The Modern defence
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
g8 black knight
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
c7 black pawn
d7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black bishop
h7 black pawn
g6 black pawn
d4 white pawn
e4 white pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
c2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
g1 white knight
h1 white rook

The Modern defence is a chess opening. It is almost the only defence which can be played against any opening move; and it may be played as an opening move itself. It consists in the immediate fianchetto of the king's bishop (KB). The first moves might be:

1.e4 g6
2.d4 Bg7

The opening is hypermodern. Black does not occupy the centre, he counter-attacks the centre built up by his opponent. He will probably play ...d6 next, then develop his K-side, then perhaps counter-attack the white centre with ...c5. The system is extremely flexible, and there are many transpositions.[1] There are players, including a few grandmasters, who play almost nothing but the Modern with white and black.[2][3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Transpositions arrive at the same position from different move orders.
  2. Keene R. & Botterill G. 2003. The modern defence. Harding Simpole.
  3. Speelman J. and McDonald N. 2000. Modern defence. Everyman
  4. Norwood D. 1994. Winning with the Modern. Batsford.