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Temporal range: late Eocene
Moeritherium lyonsi skull.JPG
Skull of Moeritherium lyonsi in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Moeritheriidae
C.W. Andrews, 1906
Genus: Moeritherium
C.W. Andrews, 1901

Moeritherium is a extinct genus of primitive mammals. It represent a very early stage in the evolution of elephants. These prehistoric mammals are related to the elephant and, more distantly, the sea cow. They lived during the later Eocene in what is now North Africa.

Moeritherium did not resemble living elephants. It was about as large as a tapir. It had short, strong legs, a relatively long body, and a short tail. The feet of Moeritherium were broad and had flat-hoofed toes.