Mongoloid is a term used for a person in a racial group that includes people from East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, South Asia, the Arctic, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands. These groups have a large number of people who look alike, with traits such as epicanthic folds (skin folds covering the corners of the eyes) and oblique palpebral fissures, sinodonty (shovel tooth dental shape) and neoteny (retaining more juvenile physiological traits).
Some people also think about Mongoloids as being highly intelligent, obeying rules, and avoiding fights. The extent to which individual psychological makeup is a matter of nature versus nurture is much debated.
The term mongoloid was introduced by 18th century ethnologists to describe Central Asian and East Asian part of a three part division of race: Mongoloid, Caucasoid, and Negroid. Some forensic anthropologists and other scientists continue to use such terms in some contexts (such as criminal justice) but their usage is now discouraged by most anthropologists due to the questionable nature of such models. In addition, Mongoloid had a second usage, now generally avoided as highly offensive: until the late 20th century, people with Down syndrome were often referred to as "Mongoloids" or in terms of "Mongolian idiocy" or "Mongolian imbecility".
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