Mongoloid (race)

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Map of human races (Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 1885–1890)
Caucasoid:     Aryans     Semitic     Hamitic
Negroid:     African Negro     Khoikhoi     Melanesian     Negrito     Australoid
Uncertain:     Dravida & Sinhalese
Mongoloid:     North Mongol     Chinese & Indochinese     Korean & Japanese     Tibetan & Burmese     Malay     Polynesian     Maori     Micronesian     Eskimo & Inuit     American

Mongoloid was a word for a person from East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arctic, the Americas, and the Pacific Islands. The group of these persons was called Mongoloid race. In former times, many people divided human beings into three races. These races were called Mongoloid, Caucasoid, and Negroid. Today, scientists agree that there is only one human race. Modern genetic research has shown that the idea of three races was wrong.[1][2]:360

German anthropologists invented the name Mongolian race in the 18th century. Later, the name changed to Mongoloid. This means "looking like a Mongol".

In addition, Mongoloid had a second usage, now generally avoided as highly offensive. Until the late 20th century, people with Down syndrome were often referred to as "Mongoloids" or in terms of "Mongolian idiocy" or "Mongolian imbecility". Down syndrome has nothing to do with Mongol people: it is a genetic condition found in all types of humans.

References[change | change source]

  1. American Association of Physical Anthropologists (27 March 2019). "AAPA Statement on Race and Racism". American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  2. Templeton, A. (2016). EVOLUTION AND NOTIONS OF HUMAN RACE. In Losos J. & Lenski R. (Eds.), How Evolution Shapes Our Lives: Essays on Biology and Society (pp. 346-361). Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctv7h0s6j.26. That this view reflects the consenus among American anthropologists is stated in: Wagner, Jennifer K.; Yu, Joon-Ho; Ifekwunigwe, Jayne O.; Harrell, Tanya M.; Bamshad, Michael J.; Royal, Charmaine D. (February 2017). "Anthropologists' views on race, ancestry, and genetics". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 162 (2): 318–327. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23120.