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Pinecone fishes
Pinecone fish, Monocentris japonica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Beryciformes
Family: Monocentridae

See text for species.

Pinecone fishes are small and unusual fish of the family Monocentridae. The family contains just four species. They live in tropical and subtropical waters of the Indo-Pacific. Pinecone fishes are popular in aquariums, but are expensive and a challenge for the hobbyist.

The pineapplefish, Cleidopus gloriamaris, is the largest species, reaching up to 30 centimetres (12 in) in length.[1]

Monocentris japonica

Life history[change | change source]

Pinecone fishes live in ledges and caves, rocky and coral reefs over a hard bottom. Pinecone fishes are nocturnal.

Species[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Paxton, John R. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 161–162. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.