Mont Aigoual

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mont Aigoual
East face of Mont Aigoua
East face of Mont Aigoua
Highest point
Elevation1,565 m (5,135 ft) [1]
Prominence732 m (2,402 ft) [1]
Geography
Mont Aigoual is located in France
Mont Aigoual
Mont Aigoual
France
LocationGard departement, France
State/ProvinceFR
Parent rangeMassif Central

Mont Aigoual (Occitan: Mount Augal) is a French mountain in the Cévennes, a southern part of the Massif Central in the Occitanie region. It is on the border of the Lozère and Gard departments and is the highest mountain of Gard.

When the sky is clear, it is possible to see the Mediterranean Sea, the Pyrenees, and also the Alps and Mont Blanc in particular.

Name[change | change source]

The word "Aigoual" appears with different meanings: ad stratam Aigoaldi in 1228 refers to a route, marcha Algoaldi in 1238 names the limits of a territory, and mons Aigoaldi in 1249 is the name of the mountain. It seems that Aigoual comes from the word Algwarld, the name of a person in the region.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

Mont Aigoual has an elevation of 1,565 m (5,135 ft) and is the highest mountain in the Gard department and the second in the Lozère department and in the Cévennes mountains after Mont Lozère that is 1,699 m (5,574 ft) high. Mont Aigoual is within the Cévennes National Park (French: Parc national des Cévennes).

The summit of Mont Aigoual is on plateau with an altitude more than 1,500 m (4,900 ft) high and with an area of about 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi) in the communes Valleraugue (Gard) et Bassurels (Lozère). The watershed across the plateau divides the drainage basin in two: the Atlantic to the north and the Mediterranean to the south.

On its southern slopes is the source of the Hérault river, that flows to the south into the Mediterranean Sea.

The mountain is formed by granite from the Palaeozoic era.

On top of the mountain there is a meteorological station built in 1887. It is the last remaining weather station in France which is still inhabited by meteorologists. An exhibition on weather forecasting is open to visitors in the summer months.[3]

Climate[change | change source]

Mont Aigoual has an oceanic climate (Cfc), bordering to a subartic (Dfc) (highland) climate.

Weather station in Mont Aigoual
Climate data for Mont Aigoual, France (altitude 1565m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.7
(33.3)
3.0
(37.4)
5.3
(41.5)
9.7
(49.5)
13.9
(57.0)
17.3
(63.1)
17.0
(62.6)
13.0
(55.4)
8.7
(47.7)
4.2
(39.6)
2.1
(35.8)
8.0
(46.4)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.0
(32.0)
4.1
(39.4)
7.7
(45.9)
10.4
(50.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.2
(45.0)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.6
(36.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 175.4
(6.91)
146.2
(5.76)
109.3
(4.30)
177.5
(6.99)
159.7
(6.29)
92.9
(3.66)
48.3
(1.90)
67.7
(2.67)
175.4
(6.91)
298.4
(11.75)
282.0
(11.10)
198.9
(7.83)
1,931.7
(76.07)
Source: Météo France[4]

Sports[change | change source]

A well-known hiking route is the "Climbing of the 4,000 steps" that begins in Valleraugue and ends in the weather station.

The ski station (a place where people go to practice skiing) of Prat Peyrot is on the sides of the Aigoual. It is the biggest ski station of the Cévennes.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Mont Aigoual, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. Mulon, Marianne (1963). "La forêt de l'Aigoual et l'origine de ce toponyme" (in French). Bulletin philologique et historique jusqu'à 1610 du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques 1: 57-64. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k62446871/f122. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  3. "Météo - Observatoire du Mont Aigoual" (in French). Station météo de Ferrals les Corbières. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  4. "Données climatiques de la station de Mont Aigoual" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 11 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]