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The flag of Montserrat
The coat of arms of Montserrat

Montserrat is a Caribbean island. It is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The governor of Montserrat is Deborah Barnes-Jones. The capital is officially Plymouth, but the government has moved to Brades after a volcano, Chances Peak, destroyed Plymouth in 1995.

Before the island was called Montserrat, Kalinago and Taíno people had lived in the region for a long time. They knew it as Alliouagana.[1]

Montserrat was colonized mostly by Irish Catholics.[2] They brought many black slaves to the island and forced them to work on sugar plantations.[3] The work the slaves made many plantations grow wealthy. When slavery was made illegal in the 1830s, the British Empire paid all the slave owners.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Montserrat - History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. Hogan, Liam; McAtackney, Laura; Reilly, Matthew C. (2016-02-29). "The Irish in the Anglo-Caribbean: servants or slaves?". History Ireland. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  3. Ryzewski, Krysta; Cherry, John F. (2015). "Struggles of a Sugar Society: Surveying Plantation-Era Montserrat, 1650–1850". International Journal of Historical Archaeology. 19 (2): 356–383. ISSN 1092-7697.
  4. "Legacies of British Slave-ownership". UCL Department of History. Retrieved 2020-12-01.