Moro National Liberation Front

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Flag of the MNLF

The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is a rebel group in the Philippines.[1] It was started by Nur Misuari in 1969.[2] The MNLF fights against the Philippine government for the independence of the Bangsamoro Land.[3] Over the years there have been several attempts to achieve peace between the MNLF and the government. In 1976 a treaty was arranged by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation but this failed.[2] In 1986 President Corazon Aquino met with Misuari, and in 1989 the area was given a level of autonomy.[2] President Fidel Ramos arranged a peace deal in 1996 which allowed Misuari to be elected as regional governor.[2] Misuari led an uprising against the federal government in 2001, but this failed and he was sent to prison.[2] The MNLF says that the territory of Bangsamoro Land covers Sulu, Mindanao, Palawan and Sabah (in Malaysia). The MNLF is an observer member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

References[change | change source]

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)", accessed 20 February 2016,
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Guide to the Philippines conflict". BBC News. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  3. "Nur Misuari speech in Jeddah, May 2000". Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]