Mount Elbert

Coordinates: 39°07′04″N 106°26′43″W / 39.1177508°N 106.4453584°W / 39.1177508; -106.4453584
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert seen from Turquoise Lake
Highest point
Elevation14,427 ft (4397 m)[1]
Prominence9093 ft (2772 m)[2]
Coordinates39°07′04″N 106°26′43″W / 39.1177508°N 106.4453584°W / 39.1177508; -106.4453584[1]
EtymologySamuel Hitt Elbert
Mount Elbert is located in Colorado
Mount Elbert
Mount Elbert
LocationLake County, Colorado, U.S.[2]
Parent rangeHighest summit of the
Rocky Mountains,
Southern Rocky Mountains, and
Sawatch Range.[2]
Topo mapUSGS 7.5' topographic map
Mount Elbert, Colorado[1]
First ascent1874 by Henry W. Stuckle
Easiest routetrail hike (class 1)

Mount Elbert is a mountain in the state of Colorado in the United States. It is about 14,427 feet (4397m) high.[1] It is the tallest mountain of the Rocky Mountains. Mount Elbert is the fourteenth-highest mountain in the United States, and the second-highest in the contiguous United States.

Environment[change | change source]

Mount Elbert is in Lake County, Colorado. In Lake County, the average high temperature is 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21°C) and the average low temperature is 15°F (-9°C). Lake County has an average snowfall of over 115 inches (292cm) per year.[3] Weather in the Rocky Mountains can be harsh and change quickly. In the summer, there are often afternoon thunderstorms. It can snow all year, even in July or August,[4] but Mount Elbert does not have snowpack all year.[5]

The low areas of Mount Elbert are forested and have many kinds of trees, such as pine, spruce, aspen, and fir.[6] Because Mount Elbert is very tall, the top of the mountain is an alpine environment. Alpine environments are cold and windy, and trees cannot grow in them.

Some of the animals that live on Mount Elbert are black bears, marmots, mule deer, pikas, and pocket gophers. There are also many species of birds. Elk, grouse, turkey, and bighorn sheep also live on Mount Elbert in the summer,.[6]

Geology[change | change source]

Mount Elbert is part of the Sawatch Range in the Rocky Mountains. Mount Elbert is mostly made of quartzite, which is a metamorphic rock.[5] Mount Elbert also has intrusions of igneous rock, such as pegmatite, gneiss and schist.[7]

Climbing[change | change source]

Climbing Mount Elbert does not need special rock climbing or mountaineering equipment. Fit persons can hike (walk) to the top of the mountain. Because of this, Mount Elbert is often called the "gentle giant" of the Rocky Mountains. But climbing Mount Elbert can be dangerous, because it is very tall. People can get altitude sickness. In winter, there is danger of avalanches.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Mount Elbert". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Mount Elbert, Colorado". Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  3. "Living in Lake County". Lake County Human Resources. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  4. Doesken, Nolan J.; Pielke, Sr., Roger A.; Bliss, Odilia A. P. "Climate of Colorado". Climatography of the United States No. 60. Colorado State University. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kelsey, Michael R. (2001). Climber's and Hiker's Guide to the World's Mountains and Volcanos (4th ed.). Provo, Utah: Kelsey Publishing. ISBN 978-0-944510-18-6.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Holmes, Don W. (1990). Highpoints of the United States. Cordillera Press. ISBN 978-0-917895-33-3.
  7. Hopkins, Ralph Lee; Hopkins, Lindy Birkel (2000). Hiking Colorado's Geology. The Mountaineers Books. ISBN 978-1-59485-307-4.