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|Hebrew: Har Herzl|
|Elevation||834 m (2,736 ft)|
|Location||1 Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem|
Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem
|Type||Public and Military|
|Find a Grave||Findagrave|
Mount Herzl (Hebrew: הר הרצל, Har Herzl), also called Har HaZikaron (Hebrew: הר הזכרון, which means "Mount of Remembrance"), is the national cemetery of Israel in Jerusalem. It is named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Yad Vashem, the main Holocaust museum of Israel is on the Mount of Remembrance. It is an extension of Mount Herzl. Mount Herzl is 834 meters above sea level. The northern area is the National Military and Police cemetery and the southern area is the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel.
National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)[change | change source]
The southern slope of Mount Herzl is dedicated to the leaders and important public persons of the state of Israel. In Hebrew this cemetery is called Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma ("the section of the great people of the nation"). The cemetery region includes national memorials of the Israeli public and memorial gardens of leaders that visit the state of Israel.
Mount Herzl Plaza[change | change source]
Mount Herzl Plaza is central ceremonial plaza in Mount Herzl in Jerusalem. The plaza is used for the opening ceremony of Israel Independence Day every year. On the northern side of the plaza is the grave of Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. The plaza is at the highest spot of Mount Herzl in the center of the national cemetery. On 18 April 2012, during the rehearsals for the Independence Day ceremony, an electrical lamppost fell down. It killed one soldier and wounded seven other soldiers. The soldier was buried in the military cemetery nearby.
Menorah sculpture[change | change source]
Garden of the Nations[change | change source]
The Garden of the Nations is a public garden. It has been planted with olives trees by foreign leaders visiting Israel. Each tree is has a plaque with the name of the leader who planted it.
Herzl Museum[change | change source]
The Herzl Museum is a biographical museum. It tells the story of Theodor Herzl and his vision to create a Zionist country. The museum opened in 2005.
Mount Herzl Educational Center[change | change source]
Mount Herzl Educational Center - The Stella and Alexander Margolis Educational Center for study of Zionism is located beside the Herzl Museum. It opened in 2013. A small memorial garden to Norman Herzl was planted beside the study center.
Path to Yad Vashem[change | change source]
The memorial path was designed by the architect Uri Abramson and was built by Israeli youth organizations in 2003. It tells the story of the birth of the state of Israel, from the beginning of the Zionism until the declaration of the state. The path runs from the National Civil Cemetery to Yad Vashem.
Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial[change | change source]
The Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial is the main memorial for all victims of terrorism in Israel from 1851 until today. The Memorial was opened in 1997, and every year, a ceremony is held on the plaza of the memorial.
National Military and Police Cemetery[change | change source]
The main Israel Defense Forces cemetery is on the northern slope of Mt. Herzl. The cemetery includes memorials to members of the IDF who have fallen in the line of duty, and memorial gardens to the people who fought for the pre Zionist state. The Israel Police cemetery, for police officers who have fallen in the line of duty, is also located there.
Garden of Those Missing in Action[change | change source]
The Garden of Those Missing in Action is a Memorial Garden in the National Military and Police Cemetery dedicated to people who have gone missing in action so that their burial place is unknown. It is also dedicated to the memory of unknown soldiers. In the garden there is a wall of names of people hwo have gone missing starting in 1914 until the present day. Beside it, empty graves represent missing soldiers and officers who have fought in the Israeli Defense Forces.
National Memorial Hall[change | change source]
The National Memorial Hall For Israel's Fallen (Hebrew: היכל הזיכרון הממלכתי לחללי מערכות ישראל) at Mount Herzl in Jerusalem is an initiative of the Israeli Ministry of Defense to commemorate all military Israeli casualties of war and Jewish fighters from 1860 until today. The proposal to build the hall was announced by Defense Minister Ehud Barak in 2010.
In 2012, the Israeli government approved the establishment of the National Memorial Hall at a cost of $40 million. Certification has been delayed because of a petition to the court by families of terror victims. They say that there is no mention in the hall of the names of those victims, although the Hall is planned to be built next to the main memorial to Israeli terror victims.
The Memorial Hall opened on 30 April 2017.
Memorial of the Unknown Soldier[change | change source]
In the center of the hall is the eternal flame dedicated to the unknown soldiers of Israel. This means at least one unidentified set of remains is buried there so that the families of soldiers whose bodies were never brought back can go there, imagine it is their dead relative, and mourn.
Ancient burial cave[change | change source]
Gallery of Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | change source]
Menorah sculpture near main entrance
Mass grave of Jews who drowned in the sea during the Ha'apala period
Graves of the Herzl family and of former chairmen of the World Zionist Organization
Graves of the seven Jewish Parachutists of the Mandate of Palestine
Grave of Olei Hagardom
Second Temple period burial cave discovered in the 1948 war section
Mount of Remembrance[change | change source]
The Mount of Remembrance is the western summit of Mount Herzl. It is 806 meters above sea level. It is called Mount of Remembrance in memory of the victims of the Holocaust. Yad Vashem museum is on the top of the mountain.
Yad Vashem[change | change source]
Yad Vashem is the national Holocaust museum of Israel. The museum includes the International School for Holocaust Studies, the International Institute for Holocaust Research, the Valley of the Destroyed Communities, the Hall of Names, and the Righteous Among the Nations memorial path.
Official ceremonies[change | change source]
- Memorial Day ceremony for Israel's Fallen Soldiers
- Memorial Day ceremony for victims of terrorism, held at the memorial of terror in Israel
- Seventh of Adar ceremony for fallen soldiers whose resting place is unknown, held in Garden of the Missing Soldiers
- Independence Day ceremony, held at Mount Herzl Plaza
- Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at Yad Vashem
Sections[change | change source]
- Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma Section
- Herzl family and the heads of the World Zionist Organization Section
- Jewish Immigrants drowned in the sea at Ha'apala period Section
- Ze'ev Jabotinsky and his family Section
- Israel Police Section
- Jewish Parachutists of Mandate of Palestine Section
- Olei Hagardom Section
- 1948 Arab–Israeli War Section
- 1956 Suez Crisis Section
- 1967 Six-Day War and 1969-1970 War of Attrition Section
- 1973 Yom Kippur War Section
- 1982 Lebanon War Section
- 2006 Lebanon War Section
Burials[change | change source]
Presidents[change | change source]
Prime Ministers[change | change source]
Ministers[change | change source]
- Eliezer Kaplan, Ministry of Finance
Knesset speakers[change | change source]
- Yosef Sprinzak, 1st Knesset speaker
- Yisrael Yeshayahu, 5th Knesset speaker
- Menachem Savidor, 8th Knesset speaker
Mayors[change | change source]
- Teddy Kollek, Mayor of Jerusalem
Chief of General Staff[change | change source]
Police Commissioners[change | change source]
- Pinhas Kopel, 3rd Police Commissioner
- Shaul Rosolio, 5th Police Commissioner
- Haim Tavori, 6th Police Commissioner
Monuments and Memorials in Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | change source]
Planned National Memorial Hall
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
- Mount Herzl in "Commonwealth War Graves Commission" site
- Mount Herzl museum Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Mount Herzl on WikiMapia
- Find a grave on Mount Herzl
- Simulation of the National Memorial Hall on YNET website
- Mount Herzl: The Creation of Israel's National Cemetery, Maoz Azaryahu Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine
- Mount Herzl Disaster in Haaretz site
- the memorial of Terror Victims Archived 2012-07-12 at the Wayback Machine in "la'ad" website
- Stamp commemorating the opening of the Garden of the Missing Soldiers Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine by the Israel Postal Company
- Israeli Soldiers "Missing in Action" Archived 2016-06-10 at the Wayback Machine